ab initio adjective
starting from the very beginning
a fortiori adjective
used for saying that something that is true for one case is even more true in another case
a posteriori adjective
very formal using knowledge, evidence, or experience to make a judgment or decision about something that has already happened
a priori adjective
very formal using knowledge or experience that you already have in order to make a judgment or decision
audi alteram partem noun
the principle that nobody should be judged by a court without being heard. This Latin phrase means 'listen to the other side'.
autrefois acquit noun
the principle that a person cannot be tried again for a crime of which they have previously been acquitted
autrefois convict noun
the principle that a person cannot be tried again for a crime of which they have previously been convicted
bona fides noun
informal evidence or proof that someone has sincere feelings or is who they claim to be
corpus delicti noun
the principle that a crime must be proved to have been committed before someone can be convicted of that crime
de jure adverb
very formal legally
de jure adjective
very formal legally accepted
de minimis noun
the principle that the law does not bother with small and insignificant matters. The full phrase is de minimis non curat lex.
ex parte adverb
without all parties to a case being present in court or aware of the hearing. Ex parte is sometimes referred to as without notice.
force majeure noun
legal an unexpected event that stops you doing something that you promised to do in a contract
inter vivos adjective
done while alive
intra vires adjective
within someone's legal power or authority
mens rea noun
the ability of someone to understand that an act is criminal that constitutes part of the crime
ne bis in idem noun
the principle that someone cannot be tried more than once for the same crime
nemo iudex in causa sua noun
the principle that judges should not have any personal connection with or interest in the case they are hearing. This Latin phrase means 'nobody shall be judge in his own case'.
per incuriam adverb
without due reference to other laws, judgments, or facts that may have been relevant
pro bono adjective
done without the usual payment that a lawyer charges
res judicata adjective
if a legal case is res judicata, a final decision has been made and cannot be appealed against or the case started again
sine die adverb
formal without arranging a date for another meeting or court hearing
sub judice adjective
a legal case or piece of evidence that is sub judice is being considered by a judge or in a court and some details of it cannot be discussed in public
terra nullius noun
in Australia, the legal idea that when the first Europeans arrived in Australia the land was owned by no one and therefore they were free to live there. This idea is not now part of Australian law.
South African at the buyer's risk
a defence in a legal dispute that means that if a person voluntarily accepted a risk then their claim should not succeed. This is a short form of the phrase volenti non fit injuria.
having voluntarily accepted a risk. This is a short form of the phrase volenti non fit injuria.
volenti non fit injuria noun
a defence in a legal dispute that means that if a person voluntarily accepted a risk then their claim should not succeed. This term is sometimes shortened to volenti.