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Parts of boats and ships

aft

adjective, adverb

in or towards the back part of a ship or plane

amidships

adverb

in the middle part of a ship

bay

noun

an area in a plane or ship that is used for carrying goods or equipment

beam

noun

the widest part of a ship from one side to the other

berth

noun

a bed on a train or ship

bilge

noun

the bottom part of a boat

blade

noun

one of the flat parts of a propeller that spins around and pushes a boat or plane forwards

boom

noun

a long pole attached to the bottom of a boat’s sail, that is used for changing the direction of the sail

bow

noun

the front part of a ship

bowsprit

noun

a long pole that sticks out from the front of a ship

bridge

noun

the part of a ship from which it is controlled

brig

noun

a place on a ship where prisoners are kept, or a small prison

bulwarks

noun

the sides of a ship above the deck

cabin

noun

a private room on a ship for a passenger or one of the people working on the ship

capstan

noun

a round piece of equipment that you turn to wind a heavy rope, especially on a ship or at a port

catapult

noun

a piece of equipment on a ship used for sending aircraft into the air

cleat

noun

a metal object that you tie a rope round in order to fasten something in place, especially on a ship

cockpit

noun

the part of a boat where the controls are

conning tower

noun

the part on top of a submarine from which the periscope sticks out

crow’s nest

noun

a place near the top of a ship’s mast where a sailor stands to look out over the sea

deck

noun

the outside top part of a ship that you can walk on

deck

noun

one of the levels on a ship or bus

escape hatch

noun

a small door for escaping from a ship, aircraft, or submarine in an emergency

fender

noun

a piece of rope or a tyre that protects the side of a boat from knocks

figurehead

noun

a wooden model of a person fixed to the front of an old-fashioned ship

flight deck

noun

the open area on a large ship where aircraft can take off and land

fo’c’sle

noun

a forecastle

forecastle

noun

the front part of a ship

funnel

noun

a tube that lets out smoke and steam from the engine of a boat or old-fashioned train

galley

noun

the kitchen on a boat or plane

gangplank

noun

a long narrow board that you put between a boat and the land, or between two boats, so that you can walk across

gangway

noun

a flat board or metal structure that can be put in place between a ship and land to let people get off or on the ship

gunnel

noun

a gunwale

gunwale

noun

the upper edge of the side of a boat or ship

hawser

noun

a heavy cable or rope that is used for tying up or pulling a ship

helm

noun

a wheel or handle used for making a boat go in the direction you want

hold

noun

the area in a plane or ship that is used for goods, vehicles, or bags

hull

noun

the part of a ship or boat that floats on the water. The front part is called the bow and the back part is called the stern.

hydrofoil

noun

one of the wing-shaped pieces fixed to the bottom of a hydrofoil

jib

noun

a small triangular sail near the front of a boat

keel

noun

a long thin piece of wood or metal along the bottom of a boat that helps it to balance in the water

lanyard

noun

a short rope used on ships for fastening things such as the sails

mainsail

noun

the largest sail on a ship

mast

noun

a tall pole that the sails hang from on a ship

masthead

noun

the top of the mast (=tall pole) on a boat or ship

mizzen

noun

the sail behind the main sail on a ship

mizzen

noun

the mast that holds the mizzen sail

muster station

noun

a place, especially on a ship, where people should gather if there is an emergency

outrigger

noun

something that sticks out from the side of a boat and helps it to float

painter

noun

a rope fixed to the front of a boat and used for tying it to something such as a post

poop

noun

the higher part at the back of an old sailing ship

port

noun

the side of a ship or plane that is on your left when you are looking forwards. The part that is on your right is starboard.

porthole

noun

a small window in the side of a ship or plane

promenade deck

noun

the upper area of a ship where people walk for pleasure

propeller

noun

a piece of equipment with blades that spin, used for moving a ship or aircraft

prow

noun

the front of a ship or boat

quarterdeck

noun

the back part of a ship’s upper deck, where the officers often live

rigging

noun

the ropes and chains used for supporting a ship’s sails and masts

rowlock

noun

a ‘U’-shaped piece of metal fitted on the side of a boat to hold an oar in position

rudder

noun

a flat piece of wood or other material at the back of a boat or plane that is moved to change the direction of travel

sail

noun

a large piece of strong cloth fixed to a tall pole on a boat, used for catching wind to move the boat across water

saloon

noun

a big room on a ship where passengers can sit together and talk, play games etc

sickbay

noun

a room where sick people go to rest and get medical treatment on a ship

side

noun

the edge of a boat

spar

noun

a thick strong pole that supports something

spar

noun

a thick pole that supports the sails of a boat

spinnaker

noun

an extra sail sometimes fitted on the front of a boat used for racing

starboard

noun

the right side of a ship, as seen by someone who is looking towards the front. The left side is called port.

stateroom

noun

a small private room on a ship that is used for sleeping

steerage

noun

in the past, the part of a passenger ship in which people who had the cheapest tickets travelled

stern

noun

the back part of a ship. The front of a ship is called the bow.

stowage

noun

space for storing things in a boat or vehicle

sun deck

noun

an open area on a ship where you can enjoy the sun

superstructure

noun

the part of a ship that is above the main deck

thwart

noun

a seat across the middle of a rowing boat

tiller

noun

a long handle at the back of a boat that is used for controlling the direction that the boat moves in

topside

adjective, adverb

on or relating to the deck of a ship

turret

noun

a high part on a military ship or vehicle where guns are fixed. You can turn it in order to shoot the guns in any direction.

wardroom

noun

a room on a warship used by all the officers except for the captain

waterline

noun

the highest point where water touches the side of a boat

wheelhouse

noun

a small room on a boat where the wheel and other controls are

protologism

a new word or phrase invented in the hope that it will become generally used

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

garbage patch

a collection of debris, mostly consisting of plastic, which moves around in the sea …

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