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Mining and quarrying

coal

noun

used for talking about the industry of digging coal out of the ground

coalface

noun

the part of a coal mine where coal is being dug under the ground

coalfield

noun

an area where there are layers of coal under the ground that are suitable for mining

coal mine

noun

a place where coal is dug from under the ground

coal miner

noun

someone who digs coal in a coal mine

coal mining

noun

the industry of digging coal out of the ground

colliery

noun

a coal mine and the buildings around it

fracking

noun

a method of mining in which cracks are created in a type of rock called shale in order to obtain gas, oil, or other substances that are inside it

gallery

noun

an underground passage in a mine or cave

goldmine

noun

a place under the ground where there are rocks containing gold

gold rush

noun

a period in the past when a lot of people went to a place where gold had been discovered in order to become rich

lode

noun

an amount of metal ore in the earth

mine

noun

a large hole or tunnel in the ground from which people take coal, gold etc

mine

verb

to dig a large hole or tunnel in the ground in order to get coal, gold etc, or to take coal, gold etc from such a hole or tunnel

miner

noun

someone whose job is to dig coal, gold etc from the ground

mineral

noun

a natural substance in the earth, for example coal, salt, gold, or diamonds

mineshaft

noun

a vertical tunnel in a mine with lifts inside that carry the workers up and down

mining

noun

the process of getting coal or metal from under the ground

mother lode

noun

a very large amount of gold, silver, coal etc under the ground

opencast

adjective

an opencast mine is a mine where coal is dug from a large hole in the ground, rather than from a tunnel far under the ground

pan

noun

a large flat bowl used for separating gold from other substances in the ground using water

pan

verb

to try to find small pieces of gold among stones by washing the stones in a pan

pit

noun

a mine under the ground, especially a coal mine

pit

noun

a very large hole dug in the ground in order to obtain a particular substance or type of stone

pithead

noun

the buildings around the entrance to a mine

pit pony

noun

a small horse used in coal mines in the past

prospect

verb

to search for gold, oil, or another valuable substance

prospector

noun

someone who searches an area of land or water for gold, oil etc

quarry

noun

a place where stone is dug out of the ground. A place where coal or minerals are dug out of the ground is called a mine

quarry

verb

to dig stone out of the ground

seam

noun

a long thin layer of something such as coal under the ground

shaft

noun

a long narrow passage, for example one that leads from the surface of the ground down to a mine

slag

noun

waste that is produced after coal or a metal has been taken out of the earth and processed

slag heap

noun

a large pile of waste produced after coal or a metal has been taken out of the earth and processed

slurry

noun

a mixture of water and something such as waste from animals or coal dust

strike

verb

to find something such as gold or oil by digging or drilling

strike

noun

a discovery of something such as gold or oil by digging or drilling

strip mine

noun

an opencast mine

vein

noun

a layer of a metal or other substance inside the earth

work

verb

if someone works a mine or a quarry, they dig substances such as gold or stone out of it

workings

noun

the parts of a mine where coal or another substance has been dug out of the ground

frack

verb

sink a mine/well/hole etc

to dig a deep hole in the ground

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