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Crop farming

arable

adjective

arable land is suitable or used for growing crops

broadacre

adjective

relating to farming large areas of land

cash crop

noun

a crop that farmers grow so that they can sell it, rather than using it themselves

combine

verb

to use a combine harvester

corn

noun

crops such as wheat and barley

corn

noun

maize

crop

noun

an amount of crops grown in a particular year

crop

verb

if a plant crops, it produces vegetables, fruit, grain etc

crop circle

noun

a part of a field where the crops have been pushed flat in the shape of a circle. Some people think that these are caused by aliens.

crop rotation

noun

a regular change in the type of crop that you grow on a particular area of land, in order to keep the soil healthy

cultivate

verb

to make land suitable for growing crops or plants

cultivate

verb

to grow crops or plants, especially in large quantities

cultivated

adjective

cultivated land is used for growing crops or plants

cultivated

adjective

developed from wild crops or plants and grown on farms or in gardens

cultivation

noun

the process of growing crops or plants

cultivation

noun

the use of land for growing crops or plants

drill

noun

a line in the earth in which seeds are planted

estate

noun

a large area of land where a particular crop is grown

fail

verb

if crops fail, they do not finish growing and cannot be used for food

failure

noun

a situation in which crops do not finish growing, so that they cannot be used for food

fallow

adjective

fallow land has been dug or ploughed, but does not have crops growing on it

fertile

adjective

fertile land is able to produce good crops or plants

fertility

noun

the ability of the soil to produce a lot of good crops or plants

fruitful

adjective

producing a lot of crops or fruit

furrow

noun

a line that a farmer digs in the soil with a plough where a crop will be planted

gather in

to collect crops from the field when they are ready

glean

verb

to pick up small amounts of the crops left in a field after they have been cut and collected by the farmer

grain

noun

food crops such as wheat, rice, or barley

grain

noun

an individual seed from one of these crops

granary

noun

an area where a lot of grain is grown

the green revolution

noun

the increase in production of crops that has been made possible by improved farming methods and equipment

growing season

noun

the time of year during which plants grow and develop, especially farm crops

harvest

noun

the activity of collecting a crop

harvest

noun

the time when a crop is collected

harvest

noun

the amount of a crop that is collected

harvest

verb

to collect a crop from the fields

haymaking

noun

the process of cutting and drying grass to make hay

hayrick

noun

a haystack

haystack

noun

a large pile of hay in a field, that has been built up and covered in order to store it

infertile

adjective

infertile land is not very good for growing crops

irrigate

verb

to bring water to land through a system of pipes, ditches etc in order to make crops grow

lean

adjective

a lean crop, harvest etc is very small

maize

noun

a tall plant that produces yellow seeds that are called sweetcorn when cooked and eaten. The American word is corn.

market garden

noun

an area of land where vegetables and fruit are grown to be sold

monoculture

noun

the practice of growing only one crop in an area

new-mown

adjective

new-mown grass or hay has just been cut

paddy

noun

a paddy field

paddy field

noun

a field of rice growing in water

plantation

noun

a large farm where crops such as tea, coffee, cotton, and sugar are grown

plough

verb

to turn over the soil before putting seeds into it using a plough

plough up

to turn over the grass surface of a field with a plough in order to use the field for growing crops

ploughshare

noun

the curved blade of a plough

raise

verb

to keep a particular type of animal or grow a particular crop

reap

verb

to cut and gather a crop such as wheat

rice paddy

noun

a field covered in water that is used for growing rice

rick

noun

a large tidy pile of hay or straw (=dry stems of grass or wheat) that is covered and left in a field

root crop

noun

a crop that is grown so that its roots can be used for food, for example carrots

rotation

noun

crop rotation

scarecrow

noun

an object in the shape of a person that farmers put in their fields to frighten birds away

set-aside

noun

a system in which the European Union pays farmers not to grow crops in particular areas, in order to control prices or the amount of crops grown

set-aside

noun

land that is not used for crops according to this system

sheaf

noun

stems of grain that have been cut and tied together

spray

verb

to cover crops or a large area of land with a chemical spray in order to kill insects or to prevent diseases

stack

noun

a pile of hay (=dry grass) or straw (=dry stems from a crop)

straw

noun

the yellow stems of dried crops such as wheat

stubble

noun

the ends of plants that are left above ground after a farmer cuts a crop such as wheat or barley

terrace

noun

one of a series of areas on a slope cut so that they look like wide steps, used for growing crops

terraced

adjective

terraced land is on the side of a hill and is divided into layers that look like steps. It is often used for farming or for making a garden

terracing

noun

land divided into layers that look like steps, often so that they can be used for farming or for making a garden

till

verb

to prepare land for putting crops in the ground so that they will grow there

truck farm

noun

a market garden

uncultivated

adjective

uncultivated land has not been used for growing crops or has not been changed in order to make it suitable for farming

unproductive

adjective

unproductive land is not good for growing crops on

vineyard

noun

a farm that grows grapes and produces wine

vineyard

noun

a piece of land where vines are grown

wine farm

noun

a vineyard

work

verb

to prepare land and grow crops on it

fruitfully

adverb

harvesting

noun

irrigation

noun

infobesity

the condition of continually consuming large amounts of information, especially when this has a negative effect on a person's well-being and ability to concentrate

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