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Computer files and documents and collections of computer data

access profile

noun

information kept on a computer that gives details about a user, for example their name, password, and the parts of the system they are allowed to use

archive

noun

a copy of a computer file that you save on a disk or tape

archive

noun

a copy of information that is put on the Internet so that other people can use it

archive

noun

a collection of computer files that have been saved together in compressed form

ASCII file

noun

a computer file that contains only ASCII characters

backup

noun

a copy of information on your computer that you make in case you lose the information

batch file

noun

a file containing a series of instructions that the computer will perform in order, without the user having to do anything

big data

noun

the data generated by online activity, the quantities of which are so large that new tools and methods are needed to analyse it

bitmap

noun

a computer image made up of many small points on the screen

bitstream

noun

a set of data sent in binary form

bitstream

noun

a flow of computer information, measured in bits

checksum

noun

a number that is the total of the digits in a piece of data that has been stored or sent in digital form. It is used to check that nothing has gone wrong with the data.

configuration file

noun

a file that contains information about how a particular software program or piece of equipment has been arranged

cookie

noun

a small file that a website automatically sends to your computer when you connect to the website, containing information about your use of the Internet

CSS

noun

cascading style sheets: a set of instructions used to describe the way a document written on a computer, for example a website, should look when it is published

data

noun

information in a form that a computer can use

data bank

noun

a large amount of data, especially when it is used by computers

database

noun

a large amount of information stored in a computer in an organized way that allows individual pieces of information to be found quickly

data set

noun

an amount of information stored as a file on a computer

dataset

noun

a collection of separate sets of related data that can be dealt with as a single unit by a computer

data warehouse

noun

a large amount of information from a company stored on a computer and used for making business decisions

datum

a singular form of data

directory

noun

a computer file that contains other files, documents, or programs

document

noun

a computer file that you can write in

documentation

noun

written instructions about how to use a computer or computer program

download

noun

a downloaded computer file

extension

noun

the last part of the name of a computer file. For example, ‘exe’ and ‘doc’ are extensions.

file

noun

a set of information on a computer

file extension

noun

the second part of the name of a computer file, which tells you what kind of file it is

filename

noun

the name that someone gives to a particular computer file

folder

noun

a group of programs or documents stored in a computer, shown by a picture of a folder on the screen

format

noun

the structure and design of a written document, especially a computer file, for example the size and type of the letters and the width of the written area of the page

format

noun

the way that information is arranged and organized on a computer disk

GIF

noun

Graphic Interchange Format: a type of computer file that contains an image. GIF is also used as part of a file name.

graphics

noun

pictures produced by computers

hard copy

noun

a printed copy of information on a computer

hyperlink

noun

a word or image in a computer document that you can click on in order to move to a related document, word, or image

input

noun

information that is put into a computer or a piece of electronic equipment using another machine such as a keyboard or microphone

JPEG

noun

a file that is produced by this method

metadata

noun

details of the information contained in a large computer database, for example who wrote the information and what format it is in

MP3

noun

a file produced by this method

MP4

noun

a file produced by this method

MPEG

noun

a file that is produced by this method

output

noun

the information shown on a screen or printed on paper by a computer

packet

noun

a small amount of computer information that has been divided up so that it can be sent across a computer network

page break

noun

the place in a computer document where one page ends and another one begins

path

noun

the set of letters or other symbols that is the full name of a computer file and shows which directory it is stored in

PDF

noun

Portable Document Format: a type of computer file that can contain words, images etc and can be sent on the Internet and read on any computer

plain text

noun

writing in a computer file that has no special codes and can therefore be used easily by other computer programs

podcast

noun

a multimedia file, such as a radio programme or video, that can be downloaded or streamed from the Internet onto a computer or mobile device. The method of publishing files that can be used in this way is called podcasting.

printout

noun

paper printed with information from a computer file

README file

noun

a file that contains information about a piece of software

read-out

noun

a record of information produced by a computer or other piece of electronic equipment, shown on a screen or printed on paper

relational database

noun

a computer database that allows information to be stored and found in various ways

rich text

noun

documents that include codes that show how the writing should look, for example to show bold and italic

scratch file

noun

a temporary computer file that is created to hold information while a program is being used

signature file

noun

a computer file that contains information about the person who sent an email

soft copy

noun

information that is stored in a computer and can be read on a screen, and is not printed on paper

spree

noun

a short period that you spend doing a particular activity, especially something enjoyable such as spending money or drinking alcohol

style sheet

noun

a set of instructions on what a particular type of computer document should look like

swipe card

noun

a plastic card that you pass through a piece of electronic equipment that reads the information stored on the card, for example in order to open a door or to pay for something

template

noun

a computer file that copies are made from because its basic form can be used again and again

text file

noun

a file that contains only words and numbers and no codes to show how the document should look

user guide

noun

a document that tells you how to do something, for example how to use a computer program

walkthrough

noun

a set of instructions on how to use a piece of software or how to complete a computer game

wave file

noun

a file that contains sound

Zip file

noun

a computer document that has been compressed so that it fills less space and can be stored more easily or sent by email more quickly

creep

used with other nouns to describe the unexpected and often unwanted effects of a particular situation or trend

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

sandwich woman

a woman in middle age who has to juggle caring for teenage children and ageing parents with a career

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