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Abbreviations used in computing and on the internet

ac

abbreviation

academic organization: used in the email and website addresses of universities, colleges, and schools

ADSL

noun

asymmetric digital subscriber line: a method of connecting a computer to the Internet that allows a very fast exchange of information, and allows you to be connected at all times without having to pay any extra money

AGP

noun

accelerated graphics port: a place in a computer for connecting a circuit board that allows the computer to quickly show images that have height and depth

avi

abbreviation

audio/video interleaved: the last part of the name of a file that contains sound and pictures

bak

abbreviation

the last part of the name of a backup file

bmp

abbreviation

bitmap: the last part of the name of a file that contains pictures

bps

abbreviation

bits per second: a unit for measuring the rate at which information can be sent over an Internet line

b-to-b

adjective

business-to-business: used for describing a type of business activity in which companies use the Internet to trade with each other

C2B

adjective

consumer-to-business: used for describing a type of business activity in which a customer deals with a company over the Internet

CGI

noun

computer-generated imagery: images produced by a computer

com

abbreviation

commercial organization: used in the email and website addresses of companies

cps

abbreviation

characters per second: a measure of how fast information moves from one computer or file to another

D/A

digital-to-analogue

dpi

abbreviation

dots per inch: a measurement of the ability of a computer screen or printer to produce a clear image

edu

abbreviation

educational institution: used in the email and website addresses of some colleges and schools, especially in the US

EOF

end of file

exe

abbreviation

executable file: the last part of the name of a program file

FAQ

noun

frequently asked questions: a list of questions with answers provided, intended to help people to understand or use something, especially on the Internet

FTP

noun

file transfer protocol: a set of rules for moving computer files from one computer to another in a network, especially over the Internet

GHz

abbreviation

gigahertz

GIF

noun

Graphic Interchange Format: a type of computer file that contains an image. GIF is also used as part of a file name.

GIGO

noun

garbage in, garbage out: the idea that a computer program is only as good as the information that is put into it

gov

abbreviation

government organization: used in email and Internet addresses

HTML

noun

hypertext mark-up language: the computer language used for writing pages on the Internet

http

noun

hypertext transfer (or transport) protocol: the system used on the Internet to exchange documents in HTML

IMS

abbreviation

information management system

IP address

noun

Internet Protocol address: a code that represents a particular computer and is used to send messages to it on a network (=group of computers) or the Internet

ISP

noun

Internet service provider: a company that provides customers with a connection to the Internet

JPEG

noun

a method of reducing the size of computer files that contain images so that they can be sent quickly by email or over the Internet

jpg

abbreviation

the last part of the name of a file that contains a photograph

K

abbreviation

kilobyte

kb

abbreviation

kilobyte

kbps

abbreviation

kilobits per second: a unit for measuring the speed of a modem

Mb

abbreviation

megabyte: a unit for measuring the size of a computer’s memory, equal to just over one million bytes

meg

noun

a megabyte

MHz

abbreviation

megahertz

mips

noun

million instructions per second: a unit for measuring computer speed

mov

abbreviation

the last part of the name of a film file

org

abbreviation

private organization: used in email and Internet addresses

PDF

noun

Portable Document Format: a type of computer file that can contain words, images etc and can be sent on the Internet and read on any computer

SEO

abbreviation

search engine optimization: the process of editing the material on a website so that the website appears near the top of the list of results produced by a search engine and so attracts more visitors

SKU

noun

Stock Keeping Unit: a number that is used for referring to a product that is sold on the Internet

TCP/IP

abbreviation

transmission control protocol/Internet protocol: a set of rules used by all computers on the Internet that allow them to communicate with each other

tif

abbreviation

the last part of the name of a file that contains a bitmap image

txt

abbreviation

the last part of the name of a file that contains a text file

URL

noun

Uniform Resource Locator: an Internet address

WAP

noun

wireless application protocol: a type of technology that allows you to send emails and look at information on the Internet using a mobile phone or pager

wav

abbreviation

the last part of the name of a sound file

WLTM

abbreviation

would like to meet: used in advertisements in newspapers or on the Internet

UGC

user generated content: material published using the Internet that is produced by ordinary people rather than by professional writers, artists, photographers, etc.

WWW

abbreviation

the world wide web

XML

noun

Extensible Mark-up Language: a mark-up language that allows information to be shared between different computer systems, especially on the Internet

hostile architecture

the design of buildings or public spaces in a way which discourages people from touching, climbing or sitting on them …

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

boots on the ground

a situation in which a country's armed forces are physically present in an area of conflict …

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