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Types of music

acid house

noun

a style of house music that developed in the U.S. in the middle of the 1980s and became very popular in the U.K. in the late 1980s when it was played at rave parties

acid jazz

noun

a type of music that mixes various styles such as funk, disco, and latin, and combines electronic production with acoustic instruments and sometimes singing

ambient

noun

a type of music that developed as a reaction against disco and dance music and that uses relaxing electronic sounds, usually without strong beats or voices

background music

noun

quiet music that plays in a public place

background music

noun

the music used in a movie to create a particular mood

backing

noun

music that is played or sung to add to the main singer’s voice

backup

noun

music that is played or sung to add to the main singer’s voice

bebop

noun

a type of jazz music that developed in the U.S. during the 1940s among musicians who emphasized the complicated structure of the music, instead of the tune

bhangra

noun

a type of dance music that combines traditional music from the Punjab region of India and Pakistan with Western styles such as reggae and jungle

bluegrass

noun

a type of music from the southern U.S. that is played on musical instruments such as violins and banjos

blues

noun

a type of slow and sad music that developed from the songs of black slaves in the southern U.S.

boogie

noun

a type of disco music that was popular in the late 1970s

boogie-woogie

noun

an early style of jazz played on the piano, with a strong fast beat

bop

noun

bebop

breakbeat

noun

any type of dance music that uses breakbeats

C&W

noun

country and western music

canon

noun

a type of music in which different instruments or voices start the same series of notes, one after another

chamber music

noun

a type of classical music played by a small group of musicians

chillout

noun

ambient music

classical music

noun

music written according to standard European forms or structures by people such as Mozart and Beethoven

country

noun

country music

country and western

noun

country music

country music

noun

a type of popular music based on the traditional music of the southern U.S., usually containing singing, guitars, and violins

dancehall

noun

ragga

dance music

noun

a type of music with a strong beat for dancing to in clubs, often involving a lot of electronic production

disco

noun

a type of music with a strong beat that is easy to dance to, popular especially in the 1970s

Dixieland

noun

a type of jazz with a strong beat, originally developed in New Orleans in the early 1900s and usually involving a large group of musicians who improvise together

doo-wop

noun

a type of rock and roll consisting of small groups of singers singing in harmony and often without musical instruments

downbeat

noun

any type of electronic music that is for listening to instead of dancing to

downtempo

noun

downbeat music

drum ’n’ bass

noun

jungle music, especially a style influenced by jazz or ambient

dub

noun

an electronic type of music based on reggae music

dubstep

noun

a kind of electronic dance music with a strong beat and a lot of bass

easy listening

noun

relaxing music without complicated tunes or a strong beat

electro

noun

a type of African-American electronic music that developed in the 1980s and often includes rap

electronica

noun

music that is produced using electronic instruments

elevator music

noun

a type of quiet recorded music that is played in public places such as airports

emo

noun

a type of punk music with words which are often personal and emotional

emo

adjective

relating to a type of punk music with words which are often personal and emotional or the people who like this music

folk

noun

folk music

folk music

noun

traditional music from a particular country, region, or community, especially music developed by people who were not professional musicians

folk music

noun

a type of modern popular music developed from traditional folk music, played on guitars and consisting of short songs about personal or social subjects

funk

noun

a type of music that developed in the late 1960s from soul and early rock and roll, containing lively drum beats, repeated electric bass lines, and often singing

fusion

noun

a type of modern music that is a mixture of different styles

gangsta

noun

gangsta rap

gangsta rap

noun

a type of black U.S. rap music that talks about life in the city, especially about guns, violence, and sex

garage

noun

a type of U.S. dance music that developed from house music in the 1980s and is influenced by disco music

garage

noun

a type of U.S. rock music that developed in the 1960s and is influenced by British rock and roll. It was mainly played by people who were not professional musicians.

gospel

noun

a type of Christian music influenced by soul and R and B that developed in the churches that black people went to in the south of the U.S. in the past. It is sung by groups of singers who have powerful voices

Goth

noun

a type of modern popular music that is loud and has a strong beat

grunge

noun

a type of rock music played on electric guitars that developed in the late 1980s and was influenced by punk and heavy metal

hardcore

noun

a type of British dance music with a very fast beat that developed as part of rave culture in the early 1990s

hardcore

noun

electronic music that is loud and fast and sounds aggressive

hard rock

noun

a type of rock music that is loud and has a strong beat

heavy metal

noun

a type of loud rock music that developed in the 1970s, played on drums and electric guitars

highlife

noun

a type of dance music that developed in West Africa from jazz

hip hop

noun

a type of music that developed among African-American musicians using rap and samples (=short pieces of recorded music or sound) that are repeated and combined with musical instruments

honky-tonk

noun

a simple style of country music that developed in the 1950s, using guitars, violins, and singing

house

noun

a type of modern electronic music that developed in the 1980s, replacing disco as the most popular form of dance music. It combines deep bass sounds with parts that are sung or played on a synthesizer.

Impressionism

noun

a style of music that uses sound to produce feelings and moods, rather than concentrating on the structure of the music. Impressionism developed in France at the end of the 19th century.

incidental music

noun

music that is played in the background of a movie, play, or television program and helps to create a particular feeling or mood

indie

noun

music that is produced by small independent record companies

indie

noun

a type of rock music that developed in the 1990s, usually influenced by punk and produced by small independent record companies

jazz

noun

a type of music that developed in the late 19th century in which there is a strong lively beat and the players often improvise (=make up the music as they play)

jazz fusion

noun

a type of music that developed in the 1970s, combining jazz styles with rock music and using electronic instruments such as guitars and synthesizers

jungle

noun

a type of dance music that developed in the 1990s from hardcore and ragga and uses fast complicated beats and deep electronic sounds

kwela

noun

a type of popular music developed by black people in South Africa

latin

noun

a type of music from Latin America or influenced by music from Latin America, especially dance music such as salsa

mariachi

noun

a type of traditional Mexican music played by a small group of musicians

metal

noun

heavy metal

minimalism

noun

a style of music that developed in the 1960s and uses simple repeated rhythms and patterns of musical notes

mood music

noun

music that is intended to help you feel a particular way, especially relaxed

MOR

abbreviation

middle-of-the-road: used for describing music that is pleasant but not very interesting or exciting

Motown

a type of African-American soul music from the U.S. city of Detroit, popular in the 1960s and 1970s

Muzak

quiet music played in stores, restaurants, and other public places

new age

noun

a type of music that uses relaxing electronic sounds and sounds from nature to encourage meditation

new wave

noun

a type of music that developed in the early 1980s from punk, combining popular styles with the use of electronic synthesizers

polyphony

noun

a type of music that combines several different tunes at the same time

pop

noun

pop music

pop music

noun

a type of music, usually played on electronic instruments, that is popular with many people because it consists of short songs with a strong beat and simple tunes that are easy to remember. Pop music is often simply called pop.

pop music

noun

any music that is popular at a particular time

program music

noun

music that describes a picture, a story, or an idea

punk

noun

a type of music that developed in the 1970s from rock and roll, consisting of simple tunes played quickly and loudly on electronic instruments and words that often express anger against society

R & B

noun

rhythm and blues: a type of music that combines blues and soul styles with modern beats and production methods

ragga

noun

a type of popular music that developed in the 1980s from reggae and uses a singing style similar to rap

ragtime

noun

a type of piano music that is influenced by jazz and was popular in the U.S. in the early 20th century

rai

noun

a type of popular North African folk music that has been mixed with various styles such as rock, funk, and reggae since the 1960s

rap

noun

a way of talking using rhythm and rhyme, usually over a strong musical beat

rap

noun

music that uses rap, especially styles of hip hop

rave

noun

the type of music played at raves, especially forms of techno and hardcore

reggae

noun

a type of music that developed in Jamaica in the 1960s with songs about social and political subjects and heavy bass sounds

rhythm and blues

noun

a type of popular music that African-American musicians developed from blues and jazz. Rhythm and blues is often called R and B.

rock

noun

rock music

rockabilly

noun

a type of music that is a mixture of early rock ’n’ roll and traditional country music

rock and roll

noun

rock ’n’ roll

rock music

noun

a type of music that developed from rock ’n’ roll and uses a heavy regular beat, electric guitars, singing, and a tune that is easy to remember

rock ’n’ roll

noun

a type of music that was popular in the 1950s and combined simple blues structures played on guitars with strong regular beats

ska

noun

a type of music that developed in Jamaica in the 1950s, combining U.S. styles of jazz, rock, and R & B with traditional Jamaican mento

skiffle

noun

a type of music popular in the 1950s, often played with unusual instruments

soul

noun

soul music

soul music

noun

a type of African-American music that developed in the 1960s, combining R & B with pop, rock ’n’ roll, and gospel styles. Soul music usually has a strong beat and places emphasis on singing. It is often simply called soul.

sounds

noun

tunes

swing

noun

a type of jazz dance music that was popular in the 1930s and 1940s, played by large groups of musicians and combining simple tunes with more complicated improvisation

syncopation

noun

a type of musical rhythm in which the weak beats are emphasized instead of the strong beats

synthesis

noun

the production of sounds using a piece of equipment called a synthesizer

techno

noun

a type of dance music that developed in the 1980s, consisting of hard repeated beats, heavy drum sounds, and funk influences

thrash

noun

a type of music developed in the 1980s that combines punk and speed metal

trad jazz

noun

a type of jazz that was popular between the 1920s and the 1940s, or jazz influenced by styles such as Dixieland

trance

noun

a type of dance music with fast regular beats and electronic sounds that developed from techno in the early 1990s

trip hop

noun

a type of dance music influenced by hip hop in its speed and style of beats but using more instruments

two-step

noun

a type of British dance music that combines garage beats and R & B singing

world music

noun

in western Europe and North America, music from other cultures

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