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Prepare food for cooking or eating

bake

verb

to make bread, cakes, etc. using an oven

beat

verb

to mix foods such as eggs, cream, or butter well using a fork or a special tool or machine. This tool or machine can be called a beater.

blanch

verb

to put fruit, nuts, or vegetables into boiling water for a short time, often in order to make it easier to remove the skin

blend

verb

to mix different foods or other substances together

bone

verb

to remove the bones from meat or fish before cooking it

butcher

verb

to kill an animal and cut it up so that it can be eaten

butchery

noun

the work of cutting up animals to be sold as meat

butter

verb

to spread butter on something

carve

verb

to cut a large piece of cooked meat into thin pieces before serving it

chill

verb

if you chill food or drink, or if it chills, it becomes cold enough to be ready to eat or drink

churn

verb

to mix milk or cream in a special container in order to make butter

clean

verb

to remove the inside parts of an animal, bird, or fish before cooking it

core

verb

to take the center out of a piece of fruit such as an apple

cube

verb

to cut cheese, bread, or other food into cubes

dice

verb

to cut food into small square pieces

dish out

to serve food

dish up

to put food into dishes so that it is ready to be eaten

do

verb

to prepare a particular kind of food

doctor

verb

to add a substance to food or drink, especially a harmful substance

dredge

verb

to shake something such as sugar or flour over something

dress

verb

to add flavor to a salad by putting a mixture of liquids such as oil and lemon juice on it. The mixture is called a dressing.

dress

verb

to prepare something such as a chicken or crab (=an ocean animal) by cleaning it and taking out the parts that you cannot eat

drizzle

verb

to pour a small amount of liquid over food that you are preparing

enrich

verb

to make food taste better by adding something

fillet

verb

to prepare fish or meat for cooking by removing the bones

fix

verb

to prepare food or drink

flake

verb

if food such as fish flakes, or if you flake it, it breaks easily into small flat pieces

flavor

verb

to add something to food or drink that changes its taste or gives it a particular taste

fold in

to use a spoon or knife to add something slowly and gently to a mixture

fortify

verb

to add a substance to food or drink to make it stronger or healthier

frost

verb

to put frosting on a cake

garnish

verb

to add something to a dish of food to make it look more attractive

get

verb

to prepare a meal

grate

verb

to rub cheese, vegetables, chocolate, etc. against a grater in order to cut them into small pieces

grease

verb

to rub a small amount of oil or fat on the inside of a container before cooking food in it in the oven

grind

verb

to cut food, especially raw meat, into very small pieces using a machine

gut

verb

to remove the organs from inside a fish before you cook it

hull

verb

to remove the hull from a seed or grain or from a soft fruit

ice

verb

to cover a cake with frosting

infuse

verb

if you infuse something such as leaves or herbs, or if they infuse, you put them into hot water in order to make a drink, medicine, or beauty treatment

joint

verb

to cut meat into large pieces

juice

verb

to make juice from a fruit or vegetable

ladle

verb

to serve something with a ladle

lard

verb

to put small pieces of fat or bacon on meat before cooking it

liquidize

verb

to crush something, especially solid food such as fruit or vegetables, into a liquid

macerate

verb

to make food soft by leaving it in a liquid, or to become soft in this way

marinade

verb

to marinate food

marinate

verb

to put meat, fish, or vegetables in a marinade

mash

verb

to crush something, especially food

mill

verb

to crush a substance such as peppercorns or coffee beans

mince

verb

to cut meat into very small pieces using a machine

pare

verb

to remove the skin from a fruit or vegetable using a knife

peel

verb

to remove the skin from a fruit or vegetable

pepper

verb

to put pepper on food

pipe

verb

if you pipe cream or frosting onto food as a decoration, you force it through a special tube onto the food

pit

verb

to take the large hard seed out of a fruit

pluck

verb

to pull the feathers off the body of a dead bird so that it can be cooked

pod

verb

to remove peas or beans from a pod

poison

verb

to put poison into food or drink because you want to kill someone or make them sick

preheat

verb

to heat an oven to a particular temperature before putting food into it to be cooked

prepare

verb

to make food ready to be cooked or eaten, for example by cleaning or cutting it

press

verb

to squeeze fruit or vegetables in order to get juice or oil out of them

ream

verb

to squeeze the juice out of an orange, etc. using a small dish with a raised center called a reamer

reconstitute

verb

to add a liquid to dried food so that you can eat it

rub in

to mix something such as butter or fat into another substance such as flour, using your fingers

salt

verb

to add salt to food

scale

verb

to remove scales from fish

season

verb

to add salt, pepper, or other spices to food

seed

verb

to remove the seeds from a plant or fruit

shell

verb

to remove the outer part that covers nuts, peas, or other foods

shred

verb

to cut or tear food into long thin pieces

shuck

verb

to remove the shell or outer part of something such as a nut or vegetable

sift

verb

to pour a dry substance through a sieve to remove the large pieces

skin

verb

to remove the skin from an animal, fruit, or vegetable

souse

verb

to make food completely wet with a liquid such as vinegar or alcohol, especially by keeping it in the liquid for a long time

spice up

to add spices to food in order to give it a stronger taste

spread

verb

to cover a surface with a thin layer of a soft food

stir

verb

to move food around in a dish or pan using a spoon or other object

stone

verb

to remove the stone from inside a fruit

stuff

verb

to fill meat or vegetables with small pieces of another type of food

sugar

verb

to add sugar to something, or to cover something with sugar

tenderize

verb

to make meat soft by hitting it or putting it in a liquid containing oil

thaw

verb

if frozen food thaws, or if you thaw it, it becomes softer and ready to cook

toss

verb

to mix food with a liquid so that it becomes covered in the liquid

truss

verb

to tie the legs and wings of a chicken or other bird to its body before cooking it

warm through

to heat food until it is warm in all parts

water down

to add water to a drink or liquid in order to make it less strong

whip

verb

to mix a food very quickly in order to put air into it

whisk

verb

to mix something very quickly using a whisk

maceration

noun

purée

verb

dinner/tea etc. is up

used for saying that food or drink is ready

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