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Animal behaviour

beach

verb

if a whale (=large ocean animal) is beached, it lands on the beach and cannot get back into the water

bite

verb

if a snake or insect bites you, it makes a small hole in your skin

bite

noun

an instance of an animal biting someone

bristle

verb

if an animal’s fur bristles, it sticks up because the animal is angry or afraid

buck

verb

if an animal such as a horse bucks, it kicks its back legs in the air or jumps off the ground in an uncontrolled way

burrow

verb

an animal that burrows digs a hole or tunnel in the ground to live in

cast

verb

if a snake casts its skin, it slides out of it

claw

verb

to attack someone, or to try to cut or tear something using claws

frisk

verb

if young animals frisk, they run and jump

gore

verb

if an animal such as a bull gores someone, it injures them with its horns

growl

verb

if an animal growls, it makes a frightening or unfriendly low noise

hibernate

verb

if an animal hibernates, it sleeps through the winter

homing instinct

noun

if an animal or bird has a homing instinct, it is able to find its way home across long distances

hop

verb

if a bird or animal hops, it uses both or all feet to jump forward

hop

noun

a short quick jump by a small animal, such as a rabbit, or a bird

infest

verb

if animals or insects infest a place, there are very many of them in it, so that they might cause damage or disease

infestation

noun

a situation in which a lot of insects or animals are in a place and are causing damage or disease

lap

verb

if an animal laps water, it drinks it gently with its tongue

lash

noun

a quick violent movement of an animal’s tail from side to side, often because it is angry

lash

verb

if an animal lashes its tail, or if its tail lashes, it moves its tail fast and violently from side to side, often when it is angry

maul

verb

if an animal mauls a person or other animal, it attacks them with its claws and teeth, usually causing serious injury

migrate

verb

if a bird or animal migrates, it travels to another part of the world for warmer weather at a particular time of the year

migration

noun

the process by which people or animals migrate to another place or country

mimic

verb

if a plant or animal mimics another plant or animal or mimics something in its environment, it makes itself look like it in order to be less noticeable to its enemies

molt

verb

if an animal molts, it loses its outer layer of skin, feathers, etc. so that a new layer can replace it

moult

the British spelling of molt

mount

verb

if a male animal mounts a female animal, he climbs on her back in order to have sex

overwinter

verb

if plants or animals overwinter somewhere, they live through the winter there without dying

paw

verb

if an animal paws something, it touches it several times with its foot

prance

verb

if a horse prances, it walks with lively steps, raising its legs high in a way that is not natural

predation

noun

the relationship between two groups of animals in which one species hunts, kills, and eats the other

preen

verb

if a bird or animal preens or preens itself, it cleans and arranges its feathers or fur with its beak or tongue

prey on

to hunt another creature in order to eat it

rear

verb

if a horse rears, it lifts its front legs up into the air

scavenge

verb

if an animal scavenges, it eats anything that it can find

scent

verb

if an animal scents someone or something, it knows they are there because of their smell

scrabble

verb

if an animal scrabbles, it moves its feet quickly against a surface

shy

verb

if a horse shies, it moves suddenly away from something because it is afraid

slough

verb

to remove an outer layer of skin

spray

verb

if a cat sprays a particular area, it urinates in many places around the area to show other cats that it lives there

switch

verb

if an animal’s tail switches, or if an animal switches its tail, the tail moves quickly and suddenly from one side to the other, usually because the animal is annoyed

tolerate

verb

if plants or animals tolerate particular conditions, they are able to exist in those conditions

trot

verb

if a horse or other animal trots, it moves more quickly than when walking but does not run

hibernation

noun

chew the cud

if an animal chews the cud, it brings food that it has swallowed back into its mouth to chew again

solutionism

the belief that every problem has a solution based in technology

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

chicken raffle

any random process, such as a competition in which a name is drawn from a hat

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