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adjective close pronunciation in British English /kləʊs/
Word Forms
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  1. 1
    only a short distance away, or separated by only a short distance
    We can walk to the swimming pool – it’s quite close.
    close to: The hotel is close to the centre of town.
    close together: He had a cruel face with eyes that were too close together.
    close proximity: The area is in close proximity to a huge shopping centre.
    at close quarters/range: He had observed President Roosevelt at close quarters and absorbed many of his techniques.
    close work (=done only a short distance from your eyes): I only need my glasses for close work such as sewing.
  2. 2
    only a short time away, or separated by only a short time
    close to: You can’t go to the party; it’s too close to your exams.
    close together: The two bank holidays are quite close together in May.
  3. 3
    likely to happen soon or to do something soon
    Everyone believes that a peace deal is close.
    close to tears/collapse/death: By the end of the race he was close to collapse.
    close to doing something: We’re closer to signing a contract after today’s meeting.
  4. 4
    careful and involving attention to every detail
    I’ll take a closer look at your homework tomorrow.
    close scrutiny/examination/inspection: Fowler’s research has come under close scrutiny.
    keep a close eye/watch on: The local police kept a close eye on his activities.
  5. 5
    similar to someone or something else but not exactly the same
    That’s not exactly the colour I want, but it’s close.
    close to: The sensation is close to the feeling of floating.
    bear a close resemblance to someone/something: She bears a close resemblance to her mother.
    the closest (thing) to something: That’s the closest thing to an apology you’re going to get from Drew.
  6. 6
    connected by shared interests and shared feelings such as love and respect
    My brother and I are very close.
    Jamal and I have been close friends since we were six.
    close to: She’s close to both her parents.
    1. a.
      used about relationships
      close family ties
      a close personal relationship
  7. 8
    directly involved with someone and communicating with them a lot, especially as part of your job
    a close business associate
    close to: Sources close to the Prime Minister say he is ready to make a deal.
    1. a.
      used about activities or relationships
      We’ve always worked in close cooperation with the local authority.
      in close contact/touch (with someone): We don’t share an office any more, but we still keep in close contact.
  8. 9
    spoken nearly correct
    ‘I’d say you were about 35.’ ‘You’re close! I’m 37.’
  9. 10
    if something is close to a particular amount, number, level etc, it is almost that amount, number, level etc
    close to: Unemployment on the island is close to 12 per cent.
  10. 11
    won or settled by only a few points, votes etc
    The game was close, but Real Madrid eventually won.
    The next election will be a close contest.
    a close second/third/fourth etc: Irvine won the race, with Schumacher a close second.
  11. 12
    spoken used for saying that you have just succeeded in avoiding a dangerous or unpleasant situation
    That was close! We would’ve been in trouble if you hadn’t swerved.
  12. 15
    [only before noun] protected, watched, or guarded in a very careful and strict way
    a close secret
    The boys are being kept under close supervision for the rest of the term.


derived word


noun [uncountable]
Given the closeness of the school, you should be able to walk there.
Joe was jealous of the closeness between his mother and his younger brother.


a course of study which is much shorter than a university course and focuses on the skills you need for a job, especially computer-related skills

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an ancient Roman system of underfloor heating, used to heat houses with hot air; from the Latin 'hypocaustum'

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