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circumstance - definition and synonyms

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noun     circumstance pronunciation in British English
Word Forms
  1. 1
    [countable] [usually plural] a fact or condition that affects a situation

    The circumstances of this case are unusual.


    Cancellation under certain circumstances is covered by your travel insurance policy.

    Under different circumstances she might have been able to appreciate the irony of it.

    not under/in any circumstances (=used for emphasizing that something cannot be allowed to happen):

    I would never in any circumstances dream of comparing her with you.

    Under no circumstances will we agree to splitting up the company.

    under/considering/given the circumstances (=because the situation is difficult or unusual):

    It’s amazing that they did so well under the circumstances.

  2. 2
    [countable] [usually plural] your circumstances are the conditions in which you live, especially how much money you have

    It is very important to make a will, whatever your circumstances.

    family circumstances:

    problems caused by unemployment, divorce, or some unusual family circumstances

    a change in circumstances:

    You are obliged by law to notify the agency of any change in circumstances.

  3. 3
    [uncountable] formal events and situations that cannot be controlled
    a victim of circumstance:

    Joanne has been more a victim of circumstance than anything else.

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to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Open Dictionary

Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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