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Reading is taught by traditional methods here.
The palace balcony is shielded by bulletproof glass.
Every bit of lace is made by hand (=not using a machine).
By using the Internet you can do your shopping from home.
They exchanged New Year's greetings by email.
The company grew by degrees until it controlled over 20% of the telecommunications market.
Little by little Philip got used to life on the farm.
His medical condition is continuing to improve day by day.
This is the British English definition of by. View American English definition of by.
feeling or showing happiness