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summon - definition and synonyms

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verb [transitive]     summon pronunciation in American English
Word Forms
present tense
present participlesummoning
past tensesummoned
past participlesummoned
  1. 1
    formal to officially order someone to come to a place, especially a court of law
    summon someone to something:

    He was urgently summoned to Washington for consultations.

    summon someone to do something:

    She has been summoned to appear in court for non-payment of taxes.

    1. a.
      to ask or order someone to come to you

      Maria summoned a waiter and ordered a drink.

    2. b.
      to ask for something that you need in an emergency

      Phone this number if you need to summon help.

      A fire crew arrived, took one look, and summoned an ambulance.

  2. 2



    summon up

    to manage to produce a quality or a reaction that helps you to deal with a difficult situation

    He couldn’t summon the strength to carry on fighting.

    She could barely summon a smile.

  3. 3
    to arrange a formal meeting and tell people to come to it
    summon a meeting/council/assembly:

    The bank summoned a meeting of creditors.



to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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