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incur - definition and synonyms


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verb [transitive] incur pronunciation in American English /ɪnˈkɜr/
Word Forms
present tense
present participleincurring
past tenseincurred
past participleincurred
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  1. 1
    to experience something unpleasant as a result of something that you have done
    Each stage of the process incurs an additional risk.
    incur someone’s wrath/displeasure (=make someone angry): I do not wish to incur his wrath by repeating the allegations.
    incur a penalty: Kicking an opponent incurs a 25-point penalty.
  2. 2
    to lose money, owe money, or have to pay money as a result of doing something
    incur costs/expense/expenses: She may have to meet any costs incurred as a result of the delay.
    incur a debt: They are not personally liable for debts incurred by a partner.
    incur a loss: The company has incurred huge losses over the past three years.


a course of study which is much shorter than a university course and focuses on the skills you need for a job, especially computer-related skills

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a stupid person

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an ancient Roman system of underfloor heating, used to heat houses with hot air; from the Latin 'hypocaustum'

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