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government - definition and synonyms


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noun government pronunciation in American English /ˈɡʌvərnmənt/
Word Forms
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  1. 1
    [countable/uncountable] the people who control a country, region, or city and make decisions about its laws and taxes
    The Mexican government has announced its plans to raise the minimum wage next year.
    a democratically elected government
    federal/central government (=government for an entire country): The laws will take power from the federal government (=government for the whole country) and give it to state and local authorities.
    state/local government (=government for a state or city): The tax surplus is to be given to local governments to spend as they see fit.
    under a government (=during the government of a particular party): Under the Conservative government things were very different.
    1. a.
      the members of the main political party in a legislature, or the members of the cabinet (=the group of politicians with the most important jobs) in a system with a legislature
      form a government (=choose the people who will have the most important jobs in the government): The party with an overall majority is then asked to form a government.
      coalition government (=in which members of different parties have important jobs in the government): The Congress Party is threatening to quit the coalition government.
  2. 2
    [uncountable] the process, method, or effects of governing
    I’m not sure these reforms will necessarily lead to more effective government.


a course of study which is much shorter than a university course and focuses on the skills you need for a job, especially computer-related skills

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an ancient Roman system of underfloor heating, used to heat houses with hot air; from the Latin 'hypocaustum'

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