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damage - definition and synonyms


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noun damage pronunciation in American English /ˈdæmɪdʒ/
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  1. 1
    [uncountable] physical harm caused to something so that it is broken, spoiled, or injured
    Mr. Charlton surveyed the damage caused by the bulldozer.
    damage to: Damage to the building could take six months to repair.
    do damage: No damage had been done, and we pushed the car back onto the road.
    suffer damage: The house suffered only superficial damage in the fire.
    serious/severe/extensive damage: A fire had caused serious damage to their apartment.
    permanent/irreparable/irreversible damage: Mining in the area was doing irreparable damage to the environment.
    brain/liver/nerve damage: a new drug to treat nerve damage
    storm/flood/fire/bomb damage (=damage caused by a storm, fire, etc.): Experts have been assessing the level of flood damage.
  2. 2
    [uncountable] emotional or mental harm caused to someone
    Many traumatic events may be overcome without lasting damage.
  3. 3
    [uncountable] negative effects on someone or something
    damage to: The damage to the bank’s image is extremely serious.
    untold damage (=damage that is impossible to measure): The revelations caused untold damage to his political reputation.
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  4. 4


    [plural] legal money that a court orders you to pay someone because you have harmed them or their property
    Mrs. Owen was ordered to pay damages of $6,000.
    The jury awarded damages of over $9 million to the victims.




a course of study which is much shorter than a university course and focuses on the skills you need for a job, especially computer-related skills

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an ancient Roman system of underfloor heating, used to heat houses with hot air; from the Latin 'hypocaustum'

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