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case

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noun case pronunciation in American English /keɪs/ 
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singularcase
pluralcases
  1. 1
    [countable] an example or instance of something

    In the majority of cases, keeping a project within budget depends on efficient cost control.

    case of:

    a serious case of nerves

    It was a case of love at first sight.

    1. a.
    2. b.
      a person with a disease

      He treated several cases of severe sunburn.

  2. 2
    [countable] [usually singular] a situation or set of conditions, especially one involving a particular person or thing
    as is the case:

    Often, as is the case for these families, there is no other source of support.

    be the case:

    This was the case in the past, but now life is different.

    if that's the case:

    If that's the case, I'm not surprised he was angry.

    I think we can make an exception in your case.

    in that case:

    "I don't need it tonight." "In that case, I'll keep it until tomorrow."

    in which case:

    They can still agree to our conditions, in which case the bombing will stop.

    it's a case of:

    It really is a case of "no news is good news."

    it is the case that:

    Isn't it the case that they're afraid of change?

  3. 3
    [countable] a legal matter that will be decided in a court

    a civil/criminal case

    The case involved charges of police corruption.

    case against:

    He was confident the case against him would be dropped.

    win/lose a case:

    He would do anything to win a case.

    1. a.
      a crime that the police are trying to solve

      At least a dozen officers are investigating the murder case.

    2. b.
      the evidence and arguments that one side can use against the other in a law court
      the case for the prosecution/the defense:

      The assistant district attorney informed the judge that he had completed the case for the prosecution.

      have a case (=have a chance of winning):

      The lawyers told me I didn't have a case.

  4. 4
    [countable] a set of facts and arguments that you can state for or against something

    This horrible crime strengthens the case of those who want all guns to be licensed .

    case for/against:

    The case against lowering educational standards is overwhelming.

    make a case for something:

    Calvin makes a good case for this unpopular policy in his article.

    A case can be made for reducing taxes right now.

    state your case:

    She was being offered a chance to state her case.

  5. 5
    [countable] a situation or person to be dealt with, often by an official

    There have been several reports of cases of neglected and abused children.

    Each social worker was assigned 30 cases.

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