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Injured refugees were treated by a Red Cross doctor.
Hull House was founded by Jane Addams in 1889.
Children are fascinated by the idea of magic.
The fabric had been faded by the sun.
a rebellion by separatist guerrilla forces
Reading is taught by traditional methods here.
The palace balcony is shielded by bulletproof glass.
Every bit of lace is made by hand (=not using a machine).
By using the Internet you can do your shopping from home.
They exchanged New Year's greetings by e-mail.
We'll send you the tickets by mail.
This is the American English definition of by. View British English definition of by.
a sweet brown food eaten as a sweet or used for flavouring other food