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afraid - definition and synonyms

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adjective [never before noun]     afraid pronunciation in American English
  1. 1
    frightened, for example because you feel you are in danger

    Don’t be afraid – I won’t hurt you.

    afraid of:

    Everyone seems to be afraid of her.

    He’s afraid of flying.

    afraid to do something:

    She was afraid to go near the dog.

    be afraid for someone (=believe that someone is in danger):

    People here are afraid for their children.

  2. 2
    worried that something bad might happen
    afraid (that):

    I was afraid that you’d miss the flight.

    afraid of:

    He’s afraid of the dark.

    afraid of doing something:

    I was afraid of getting lost.

    afraid to do something:

    If you don’t know the answer, don’t be afraid to say so.



to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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