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a word that is used to join other words, phrases, clauses, and sentences, for example ’and’, ’because’, and ’but’
a word or phrase that is used to indicate that one stage or topic in a conversation has finished and a new one is beginning. For example, ‘OK’ , ‘so’, ‘right’, and ‘anyway’ are often used as discourse markers. In the sentence ‘Anyway, let’s think about the cost of all this’, ‘anyway’ signals that one stage of the conversation is over. Discourse markers often indicate a change of speaker.
a word in a language that has a different meaning from a similar-sounding word in another language, for example the English ‘actual’ and the German ‘aktuell’. These similarities can confuse language learners and often cause errors.
a word with only one syllable. The words ‘yes’ and ‘no’ are monosyllables.
one of the main grammatical groups that a particular word belongs to according to the way it is used in a sentence, for example noun, verb, adjective, or adverb
a word that has more than two syllables
the part of a noun group, adjective group, or verb group that comes after the most important word (the head) and adds information about it. For example in the noun group ‘the rules of the game’, the prepositional phrase ‘of the game’ is a postmodifier.
the part of a noun group, adjective group, or verb group that comes before the most important word (the head), and adds information about it. For example in the noun group ‘the best people’, ‘the’ and ‘best’ are premodifiers.