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Types and forms of nouns - thesaurus

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ablative

noun

the form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective that you use in some languages when you are talking about who something is done by, what something is done with, or where something comes from

abstract noun

noun

a common noun that refers to a quality, idea, or feeling rather than to a person or a physical object. For examplethought’, ‘problem’, ‘law’, and ‘opportunity’ are all abstract nouns.

collective noun

noun

a noun that refers to a group of people and is followed by a singular or plural verb, for exampleteam’ or ‘family

common noun

noun

any noun that is not the name of a specific person or thing. For examplewoman’, ‘dog’, ‘mountain’, and ‘idea’ are common nouns, while ‘Sarah’, ‘Rover’, and ‘Mount Everest’ are proper nouns. The two types of common noun are concrete noun and abstract noun.

concrete noun

noun

a common noun that refers to anything with a physical reality that you can see or touch. For examplehair’, ‘bread’, ‘rat’ and ‘mobile phone’ are all concrete nouns.

countable noun

noun

a noun that has singular and plural forms. In the plural, countable nouns usually add an ‘s’ or ‘es’, for examplemistakes’, 'problems', and ‘buses’. When it is singular, a countable noun usually comes after a determiner such as ‘a’, ‘this’, ‘any’, or ‘a lot of’, for example ‘this house, ‘a week’, and ‘the way’.

direct object

noun

in active clauses, a type of grammatical object that refers to the person or thing that is directly involved in or affected by the action of the verb, but does not perform the action. In English, the direct object is usually a noun or pronoun, for example in the sentencesDrink up your milk’, and ‘I loved her’, the direct objects are ‘your milk' and ‘her’.

genitive

noun

a form of the noun or pronoun in the grammar of some languages, used to show possession. In English, this is shown by adding ‘’s’ at the end of the word, for example ‘Sarah’s birthday’.

gerund

noun

a noun formed by adding ‘-ing’ to a verb, that describes an action, such as ‘running’ or ‘believing

indirect object

noun

a type of grammatical object that refers to the person who receives something from or benefits from an action. An indirect object is usually a noun or pronoun. For example in the sentences ‘She taught me a lot about music’ and ‘We were given free tickets to the concert’, the indirect objects are ‘me’ and ‘we’.

mass noun

noun

a noun such as ‘soap’ that is usually uncountable but is also used with ‘a’ or ‘an’, or in the plural, to talk about different types of something. For example the nounsoap’ in ‘Wash your hands with soap and water’ is uncountable, while in ‘You should choose a mild soap’ and ‘Some soaps are very strongly perfumed’, ‘soap’ is countable. A mass noun is used in both these ways.

n

abbreviation

noun

nominative

noun

in some languages, the form of a noun or pronoun when it is the subject of a verb

noun

noun

a word or compound that refers to a person, thing, place, or abstract quality. ‘Friend’, ‘credit card’, ‘California’, and ‘peace’ are all nouns.

noun group

noun

a group containing at least one noun or pronoun (the head) and often other items such as determiners, adjectives, and prepositional phrases. For example, ‘her brilliant novel’, 'we both’, ‘a large glass of orange juice’, and ‘very few people in this area’ are all noun groups. A noun group can be the subject, object, or complement in a clause, or the object of a preposition.

nouning

noun

an example of a noun that has come from a verb, for exampleask’ in the sentence ‘It’s a big ask to play five tough matches in 17 days

proper noun

noun

a noun that names a particular person, place, or thing and begins with a capital letter. ‘Jane’, ‘Africa’, and ‘New Year’ are proper nouns.

substantive

noun

a noun

verbal noun

noun

a noun that is formed from a verb and ends in ‘ing’, for exampleswimming’ in the sentenceSwimming is my favourite sport

vocative

noun

in some languages, the form of a noun that is used for showing that a particular person or thing is being spoken to

BuzzWord

hygge

a lifestyle focussing on simple pleasures such as comfort and cosiness in the home, and spending time with friends and family

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

sofar

a form of location that involves the underwater detonation of a bomb which causes sound waves that are picked up by ships

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