Did you know?

Click any word in a definition or example to find the entry for that word

The jury, accused, witnesses and defendant - thesaurus

Related words

aggrieved

adjective

legal used about someone who is taking a case to court because they have been treated unfairly. An aggrieved person is also known as the injured party.

aggrieved party

noun

a person or group of people that has suffered harm such as injury, financial loss, or damage to property

alibi

noun

someone who has an alibi can prove that they were somewhere else when a crime was committed and so can claim to be not guilty

amicus curiae

noun

a person who is not a party to a legal dispute but who offers helpful information on that case. This Latin phrase literally means 'a friend of the court'.

an accused

noun

a specific person that is accused of a crime in a court of law

appellant

noun

someone who appeals against a decision of a court of law

appellee

noun

a person against whom a legal appeal is filed

challenge

noun

legal a refusal to accept someone as a member of a jury

challenge

verb

legal to refuse to accept someone as a member of a jury

claimant

noun

legal someone who brings a legal case against someone else in a court of law. The person against whom the case is brought is called the defendant.

co-accused

noun

one of two or more people or organizations accused of the same crime

co-defendant

noun

one of two or more people or organizations being sued or accused in court for the same crime

complainant

noun

in a court of law, the person who has asked the court to judge their case

the court

noun

the people in a court, especially the judge and jury

defendant

noun

someone who has been accused of a crime and is on trial

expert witness

noun

an expert in a particular subject who is asked to give a court of law their opinion about technical details of a case

eyewitness

noun

someone who has seen something happen, especially a crime or an accident

foreman

noun

legal the person who is chosen to be the leader of a jury and to tell the court what decision the jury has reached

forewoman

noun

legal a woman who is chosen to be the leader of a jury

grand jury

noun

a group of people used in the US legal system for deciding whether someone accused of a crime should be brought to trial in a court of law

hung jury

noun

a jury that cannot reach a decision about whether someone is guilty

juror

noun

a member of a jury

jury

noun

a group of people, usually 12, who judge a court case. Members of a jury are ordinary members of the public: can be followed by a singular or plural verb

jury duty

noun

mainly American jury service

jury service

noun

British the obligation to be part of a jury in a court, or time spent doing this

litigant

noun

someone who is involved in a disagreement that is being examined in a court of law

litigant in person

noun

someone who represents themselves in court instead of using a lawyer

litigation friend

noun

British a next friend

McKenzie Friend

noun

a person who is allowed to help someone who is arguing a case in a court of law without using a lawyer

misdirect

verb

legal if a judge misdirects a jury, he gives them the wrong information or instructions

next friend

noun

a person who represents someone who is unable to represent themselves in a legal case, for example because they are ill, disabled, or a child

petitioner

noun

legal someone who gives a court an official document in which they ask it to take legal action

petitioner

noun

someone who asks a court to officially allow them to get divorced

plaintiff

noun

someone who brings a legal case against someone else in a court of law. The person against whom the case is brought is called the defendant.

respondent

noun

formallegal the party in a court case who is against either the appellant or the petitioner or who is responding to an application, especially for divorce

third party

noun

formal a person or organization that is not one of the two main people or organizations involved in a legal agreement or case

unreliable

adjective

an unreliable witness is someone whose evidence is unlikely to be accepted in a court of law

witness

noun

someone who sees a crime, accident, or other event happen

witness

noun

someone who tells a court what they know about a crime

BuzzWord

hygge

a lifestyle focussing on simple pleasures such as comfort and cosiness in the home, and spending time with friends and family

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

sofar

a form of location that involves the underwater detonation of a bomb which causes sound waves that are picked up by ships

add a word

Blog

A must for anyone with an interest in the changing face of language. The Macmillan Dictionary blog explores English as it is spoken around the world today.

global English and language change from our blog
Macmillan learn live love play