The grammatical behaviour of words - synonyms or related words
linguistics when a verb group changes according to whether its subject is singular or plural. In English, this affects only the simple present, which adds an ‘s’ to the infinitive in the third person singular: ‘I want’ but ‘she wants’. The verbs ‘be’, ‘have’, and ‘do’ are irregular: ‘I am’, ‘you are', ‘she is’; ‘I have’, ‘she has’; and ‘I do’, ‘she does’. In the sentences ‘A thorough search was carried out’, ‘It doesn’t matter’, and ‘The course has given me more confidence’, the verb groups ‘was carried out’, ‘doesn’t matter’, and ‘has given’ all agree with their subjects.
linguistics the correspondence between the form of a verb and its subject. In English, only the third person singular, present simple, changes to agree with its subject. Regular verbs add ‘s’ to the base form, as in ‘she says he believes it’. The verbs ‘be’, ‘have’, and ‘do’ are irregular, for example in the sentences ‘A thorough search was carried out’, ‘It doesn’t matter’, and ‘The course has given me more confidence’, there is agreement between the subject and the verb groups ‘was carried out’, ‘doesn’t matter’, and ‘has given’.
the use of a word or phrase in a sentence which stands for a word or phrase that is used later. An example of cataphora is the use of the word ‘she’ in the sentence ‘She was running late, so Sue grabbed a quick sandwich’.
words that collocate are often used together
linguistics changes in the form of an adjective or adverb to show that someone or something has more of a quality, such as the change from ‘good’ to ‘better’ and ‘best’
the way in which words are put together to form a sentence or phrase
deep structure noun
the logical relationships on which the different parts of a phrase or sentence are based
linguistics if a word inflects, you change its form to go with the grammar of the other words you are using with it
if a language inflects, it has words that do this
linguistics changes in the basic form of a word to show something such as tense or number
an addition or a change to the basic form of a word
linguistics to add to the meaning of another word or a phrase by giving more information about it
to change a sentence so that the verb becomes passive
surface structure noun
the structure that a sentence has when you consider only the classes of its words, which may be different when you also consider the meaning of the sentence, as opposed to the logical relationships on which this structure is based