belonging to or connected with the countries that united to fight against Germany in the First and Second World Wars, or against Iraq in the Gulf War
the Allies noun
the countries that united to fight against Germany in the First and Second World Wars, or against Iraq in the Gulf War
happening or existing in the US in the period before the start of the Civil War in 1861
Armistice Day noun
11 November, the anniversary of the date in 1918 on which the First World War ended
the largest Nazi concentration camp (=a type of prison) where more than 1.5 million people were killed during the Second World War
the group of countries including Germany, Italy, and Japan that fought against Britain, France, the United States, and other countries in the Second World War. The group is also known as the Axis powers or the Axis countries.
the Battle of Britain
an important Second World War air battle in 1940 in which the British air force finally defeated the German air force, making it less likely that the UK would be invaded
the Bay of Pigs
an event in 1961 in which a small group of Cubans supported by the US tried to defeat the government of Fidel Castro. The attack failed and made the relationship between the US and Cuba much worse.
the Berlin Wall
the wall that divided the German city of Berlin from 1961 until 1989. It was built to prevent the citizens of East Berlin from travelling to the West and it became a symbol of the Cold War. It is often simply called the Wall.
British someone who belonged to a fascist organization whose members wore black shirts, especially in Italy and the UK before the Second World War
the period during the Second World War when the Germans dropped bombs on London and other British cities. British people remember this period as a time when everyone joined together to help each other.
the Boer War
a war fought in South Africa at the beginning of the 20th century between the British and the Boers
the British Empire
the areas of the world ruled by Britain between the 17th century and the middle of the 20th century. After the Second World War, most of the colonies of the British Empire became independent states and members of the Commonwealth.
American someone from the North of the US who went to the South to get political or financial advantages after the Civil War
a supporter of the king in the English Civil War of the 17th century
the Cold War noun
unfriendly relations between countries who are not at war with each other
the Cold War noun
the unfriendly relations that existed between the Soviet Union and the West from the end of the Second World War to the 1980s
in the American Civil War, the group of southern states that fought the northern states. The northern states were called the Union.
connected with the Confederacy during the American Civil War
6th June, 1944, the day on which the British, US, and other armies arrived on the beaches of northern France in the Second World War
informal the southern states of the US, that fought against the northern states during the American Civil War
Britishinformal a flying bomb used by the Germans for attacking Britain in the Second World War
the Final Solution noun
a plan made by the Nazis during the Second World War to kill all the Jews in Europe
the First World War noun
a war fought mainly in Europe between 1914 and 1918
an area of northern Turkey where thousands of Australian and New Zealand soldiers were killed fighting against Turkish soldiers in the First World War
the Gettysburg Address
an important speech that was given by the US President Abraham Lincoln in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, during the Civil War in 1863. It includes the famous expression ‘government of the people, by the people, for the people’.
the Gulf War
the war that took place in 2003 in Iraq in which the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia fought against Iraq
the Gulf War
the war that took place in 1991 in Kuwait in which the United States, the United Kingdom, and several other countries fought against Iraq
Gulf War Syndrome noun
a disease suffered by soldiers who fought in the 1991 war in the Persian Gulf. The cause of the disease is not exactly known.
the Holocaust noun
the organized killing of millions of Jews and other people by the German Nazi government during the Second World War
the Iron Curtain noun
the border between Communist Eastern Europe and the rest of Europe during the Cold War
a very attractive woman who worked as a spy for the German government during the First World War
one of a group of men in the US during the American War of Independence who promised to be ready to fight as soon as they were needed
someone who belonged to the Nazi Party, which was established and led by Adolf Hitler between 1933 and 1945. The Nazi Party governed Germany before and during the Second World War.
Nissen hut noun
British a small building made of steel, originally used as a shelter during the First World War
the time during the Second World War when soldiers from Britain, America, and other Allied countries arrived in Normandy in northern France to try to make the German army leave France. The day on which they arrived, June 6th 1944, is called D-Day.
a US Navy base in Hawaii that was attacked on 7 December, 1941, by Japanese aircraft. Because of the attack, the US announced that it would fight in the Second World War.
from a time before a particular war, especially the First World War or the Second World War
a supporter of Parliament in the English Civil War of the 17th century
the Second World War
the war that was fought in Europe, Africa, and Asia between 1939 and 1945
the military police of the German Nazi Party in the Second World War
the Third Reich noun
the Nazi government of German leader Adolf Hitler
the Union noun
the Northern States of the US during the American Civil War
Victory in Europe Day: 8 May, 1945, when the fighting of the Second World War officially ended in Europe
the Vietnam War
a war between North and South Vietnam that became important internationally in the 1960s when the US began to support South Vietnam by sending military forces there. North Vietnam won the war in 1975.
Victory over Japan Day: 15 August, 1945, the day on which Japan stopped fighting in the Second World War
War of the Roses
a war fought in the 15th century between two royal families in England to decide which one would rule. The House of York used a white rose as their symbol and the House of Lancaster used a red rose.
the Western Front
the area in France and Belgium where many of the most important battles of the First World War were fought between 1914 and 1918
World War I
mainly American the First World War
World War II
mainly American the Second World War
World War III
humorous a situation in which there is a lot of trouble, mess, and noise
between the wars
during the period of time between the First World War and the Second World War
Germany during the Second World War