a sound used in speech that is like the ‘ch’ sound in ‘church’ or the ‘j’ sound in ‘judge’
a consonant sound such as ‘l’, ‘d’, ‘n’, or ‘t’, made with the tongue touching the skin behind your top front teeth
linguistics to breathe out air while pronouncing a sound, for example the ‘h’ in ‘hat’
a sound produced while breathing out air, for example the sound of the ‘h’ in ‘hat’
linguistics the sound produced when you pronounce something by breathing air out through your mouth
the repeating of sounds in words that are close together, especially in poetry, for example ‘I tried to light the fire’
a bilabial sound is one that you produce using both lips, for example the sound of ‘m’ or ‘p’
closed syllable noun
a syllable that has a consonant at its end
close vowel noun
a vowel sound made with your tongue near the top of your mouth
linguistics a speech sound made by stopping all or some of the air going out of your mouth
to pronounce a vowel or consonant without passing air over your vocal cords
a combination of two vowel sounds said one after the other, as in the words ‘find’ and ‘fail’
a speech sound that is made by pushing air out through a small space between your teeth and your tongue or lips, or between your tongue and palate (=the inside upper part of your mouth). ‘F’, ‘z’, and ‘th’ are fricatives.
linguistics a front vowel is made in the front part of your mouth
a glottal sound is one that you make in speaking when you partly or completely stop air as it passes through the throat
glottal stop noun
a sound made by stopping air as it passes through your throat. In some varieties of spoken English a glottal stop is often used instead of a ‘t’ sound in the middle or at the end of a word.
linguistics a pause between two vowel sounds that come one after the other, for example in the word naive
the way in which your voice rises or falls when you speak
linguistics labial sounds are ones that you pronounce with your lips closed or close together or with your top teeth touching your bottom lip. ‘p’, ‘b’ , ‘f’, ‘v’, and ‘m’ are labial sounds
a sound that you pronounce with your lips closed or close together or with your top teeth touching your bottom lip, for example ‘p’, ‘b’, ‘f’, ‘v’, or ‘m’
a sound pronounced with the top teeth touching the bottom lip, for example ‘f’ and ‘v’
a sound pronounced with the lips and upper back part of your mouth, for example ‘w’
linguistics the sound ‘l’ or ‘r’
linguistics a long vowel is a vowel that is pronounced for a longer time than most other vowels
linguistics a letter that is mute is not pronounced
a speech sound such as ‘m’ or ‘n’ that is produced mainly through your nose
open vowel noun
a vowel that you pronounce with your tongue on the bottom of your mouth
an individual speech sound that makes one word different from another. For example, the ‘b’ and ‘f’ in ‘bill’ and ‘fill’.
linguistics relating to the sounds used in speech, or to the study of these sounds
a sound that you make by quickly stopping your breath leaving your mouth and then suddenly letting it go again. The sounds ‘k’, ‘p’, and ‘t’ are plosives.
a vowel sound used in unstressed syllables, for example the sound of ‘a’ in ‘above’. Its symbol is ə.
linguistics a short vowel or syllable is one that you pronounce quickly
formal making a sound like the letters ‘s’ or ‘sh’
one of the sibilant speech sounds, for example ‘s’ or ‘sh’
a silent letter is a letter in a word that has no sound when you say the word but that must be used when the word is spelled or written
linguistics to pronounce a particular word or syllable (=part of a word) more loudly or with greater force than other words or syllables
linguistics a stressed word or syllable (=part of a word) is pronounced more loudly or with greater force than other words or syllables
stress mark noun
a mark that shows which part of a word is pronounced with most emphasis
a word or a part of a word that has only one vowel sound. For example ‘son’ has one syllable and ‘father’ has two syllables.
linguistics the degree to which the sound of a word or part of a word is high or low
an unstressed word or syllable (=part of a word) is pronounced more quietly or with less force than other words or syllables
linguistics an unvoiced sound is produced without using your vocal cords. In English, ‘/t/’, ‘/s/’, and ‘/f/’ are unvoiced sounds.
a consonant sound made when the back of your tongue touches your uvula
voiced sounds are produced by passing air over your vocal cords
voiceless sounds are produced without passing air over your vocal cords
linguistics a sound that you make when you speak without closing your mouth or throat
linguistics a weak word, or a weak part of a word, is not emphasized when you say the word