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a protein that is in the white part of an egg, in milk, and in blood plasma
an artificial substance that does not contain many calories that is added to food or drink to make it taste sweeter
a substance in coffee and tea that makes you feel awake. Drinks that have had the caffeine removed are decaffeinated or caffeine-free.
the parts of fruit, vegetables, and grains that your body cannot digest (=change into substances it can use). It helps food to pass through your body
an important B vitamin, found in green vegetables and liver. It is especially important for pregnant women.
a type of sugar found in some fruits and honey
a sugar that is produced in plants through photosynthesis and in animals’ bodies when carbohydrates are separated into the parts they consist of
substances such as vitamins and proteins that are contained in some foods and that help you to stay healthy
a strong substance that surrounds the joints of animals and is difficult to eat when you find it in meat
a natural substance in some foods that you need for good health, for example iron and calcium
a type of vitamin that exists in milk and other foods
a type of protein that is believed to be responsible for the serious brain diseases BSE and CJD
recommended daily allowance: the amount of something such as a vitamin that you should have every day
a substance found in eggs, milk, liver, and green vegetables that your body needs to stay healthy. Riboflavin is a vitamin.
fat from animal food such as meat or milk. Eating too much saturated fat can lead to high levels of cholesterol in the blood.
a white substance without any taste that is found in rice, potatoes, and other vegetables. It is a type of carbohydrate that gives you energy.
a natural chemical in many types of food that your body uses to make your nerves work correctly. It belongs to the vitamin B group.
a type of solid fat such as margarine produced when vegetable oils are changed by a chemical process. These fats are considered bad for your health because they increase your cholesterol level.
natural substances found in food that are necessary to keep your body healthy. Each vitamin is given a name using a letter of the alphabet, for example vitamin C which is found in many fruit and vegetables. A vitamin deficiency is a medical condition caused by lack of vitamins
a vitamin found in some vegetables, fish, milk, and eggs that is important for sight, your skin, and the growth of tissue
any one of a group of vitamins found in cereal grains, liver, and yeast that is important for growth, your blood, and your nerves
a vitamin found in fish and eggs that is important for bones and teeth. It is also produced by the action of sunlight on your skin.
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