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Linguistic terms relating to word formation and phrase building - synonyms or related words

affix

noun

a new part added to the beginning or end of a word that changes its meaning

affixation

noun

the process of adding a new part (a prefix or suffix) to the beginning or end of a word, so that the word’s meaning is changed

anaphora

noun

the use of words such as a pronoun, the verb ‘do’, or the words ‘so’ and ‘nor’ in a sentence instead of repeating a word used earlier. For example, in ‘We love this new technology, and so do all our clients’, ‘so’ and ‘do’ are examples of anaphora.

aphaeresis

noun

the process by which a word loses its initial sound or sounds, for example ’cause (because) or ’twas (it was)

apocope

noun

the process by which sounds are lost from the ends of words, for examplelamb’ and ‘mike’ (microphone)

apposition

noun

the relationship between two noun groups that are used next to each other and refer to the same person or thing. For example, in ‘David has a wife, a university teacher, and two adult sons’, ‘a wife’ and ‘a university teacher’ are in apposition.

appropriacy

noun

the degree to which a word, expression, or grammar pattern is natural or acceptable in a particular situation

blend

noun

linguistics a word formed by combining parts of two other words, for examplebrunch’ is a blend of ‘breakfast’ and ‘lunch

canonical form

noun

the most basic or standard form of an expression

componential analysis

noun

the process of studying the meaning of a word by examining the parts it is made of

compound

noun

linguistics a combination of two or more words that is used as a single word. The three main types of compound are noun compounds (for example ‘bus stop’), adjective compounds (for example ‘self-centred’), and verb compounds (for example to ‘windsurf’).

derivation

noun

the origin of a word

derivative

noun

linguistics a word that is formed from another word, for example an adverb that is formed from an adjective by adding-ly

diminutive

noun

a word formed by adding a diminutive suffix

diminutive suffix

noun

a group of letters that are added to the end of a word to show that something is smaller than things of that type usually are, for example-letadded to ‘drop’ to makedroplet

ending

noun

the last group of letters in a word

etymology

noun

the origin and development of a particular word

folk etymology

noun

an explanation for the origin of a word or phrase that is believed by many people to be true but that cannot be proved, for example, the belief that ‘poshstands for ‘port out, starboard home

folk etymology

noun

the process by which people adapt a word or phrase that is unfamiliar or foreign to a more familiar form

form

noun

linguistics one part of a verb or other word that has several different parts

form

verb

linguistics to make one of the parts of a verb or other word that has several different parts

hyphenate

verb

to join words or parts of a word using a hyphen

lexicalise

a British spelling of lexicalize

lexicalize

verb

to put a concept into a word or words

nominalize

verb

to change a verb or adjective in order to make a noun

nouning

noun

the act or process of turning a verb or other part of speech into a noun

phrasal

adjective

formal relating to phrases, or consisting of a phrase

phraseology

noun

formal a particular way of putting words together to express something

phrasing

noun

the way that someone puts words together to express something

prefix

noun

linguistics a group of letters that is added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning. For example, the prefixun-’ is added to the wordtidy’ to form ‘untidy’.

root

noun

linguistics the most basic form of a word, or a word that is the base for other words

stem

noun

linguistics the part of a word that does not change when an ending is added, for example ‘work’ in the word ‘working’

suffix

noun

a letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to make another, usually of a different word class. For example the suffix-ness’ is added to ‘happy’ to make the nounhappiness’, and ‘ful’ is added to ‘hope’ to make the adjectivehopeful’.

verbalise

a British spelling of verbalize

verbalize

verb

linguistics to change a word into a verb

verbing

noun

the act or process of turning a noun or another part of speech into a verb

etymological

adjective

hyphenation

noun

morphological

adjective
BuzzWord

webrooming

the practice of looking at a product online before going to a conventional store to buy it

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

panjandrum

a person who has or claims to have a lot of influence

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