Linguistic terms relating to word formation and phrase building - synonyms or related words
a new part added to the beginning or end of a word that changes its meaning
the use of words such as a pronoun, the verb ‘do’, or the words ‘so’ and ‘nor’ in a sentence instead of repeating a word used earlier. For example, in ‘We love this new technology, and so do all our clients’, ‘so’ and ‘do’ are examples of anaphora.
the process by which a word loses its initial sound or sounds, for example ’cause (because) or ’twas (it was)
the process by which sounds are lost from the ends of words, for example ‘lamb’ and ‘mike’ (microphone)
the relationship between two noun groups that are used next to each other and refer to the same person or thing. For example, in ‘David has a wife, a university teacher, and two adult sons’, ‘a wife’ and ‘a university teacher’ are in apposition.
linguistics a word formed by combining parts of two other words, for example ‘brunch’ is a blend of ‘breakfast’ and ‘lunch’
linguistics a combination of two or more words that is used as a single word. The three main types of compound are noun compounds (for example ‘bus stop’), adjective compounds (for example ‘self-centred’), and verb compounds (for example to ‘windsurf’).
linguistics a word that is formed from another word, for example an adverb that is formed from an adjective by adding ‘-ly’
diminutive suffix noun
a group of letters that are added to the end of a word to show that something is smaller than things of that type usually are, for example ‘-let’ added to ‘drop’ to make ‘droplet’
the last group of letters in a word
folk etymology noun
an explanation for the origin of a word or phrase that is believed by many people to be true but that cannot be proved, for example, the belief that ‘posh’ stands for ‘port out, starboard home’
linguistics one part of a verb or other word that has several different parts
linguistics to make one of the parts of a verb or other word that has several different parts
to put a concept into a word or words
the act or process of turning a verb or other part of speech into a noun
formal a particular way of putting words together to express something
the way that someone puts words together to express something
linguistics a group of letters that is added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning. For example, the prefix ‘un-’ is added to the word ‘tidy’ to form ‘untidy’.
linguistics the most basic form of a word, or a word that is the base for other words
linguistics the part of a word that does not change when an ending is added, for example ‘work’ in the word ‘working’
linguistics to change a word into a verb
the act or process of turning a noun or another part of speech into a verb