Lawyers and people who work in law courts - synonyms or related words
a barrister in Scotland
mainly American a lawyer
American someone whose job is to guard prisoners in a court
the Bar noun
legal the profession of being a barrister (=a lawyer who has the right to speak in a higher court of law). If someone is called to the bar, they become a barrister. A barrister who is called within the bar takes silk (=becomes a QC).
a lawyer in England or Wales who is allowed to speak in the higher law courts
Britishinformal old-fashioned a judge
the bench noun
legal the position of being a judge in a court of law
in England and Wales, a senior member of one of the Inns of Court. The full name for a bencher is a Master of the Bench.
Britishinformal a lawyer
someone whose job is to look after the documents in an office, court etc
legal a lawyer who gives someone legal advice and represents them in a court of law. In the UK, counsel is a barrister.
the court noun
the people in a court, especially the judge and jury
the defence noun
legal the people in a court case who try to prove that someone is not guilty. The people who try to prove that someone is guilty are called the prosecution. The defence can be followed by a singular or plural verb
district attorney noun
a lawyer who works for a state or county government in the US and whose job is to bring people accused of crimes to trial
in some countries, a public prosecutor (=lawyer for the government)
legalBritish used by a barrister to refer to a solicitor in court
someone whose job is to make decisions in a court of law
American a judge in a law court in the US
Justice of the Peace noun
an official similar to a judge who works in the lower courts. Justices of the Peace are often simply called JPs.
justices' clerk noun
in Magistrates' Courts in England and Wales, a qualified lawyer who helps non-legally-qualified magistrates
King's Counsel noun
in the UK, a lawyer (usually a barrister) of high status. A King's Counsel is also known as a KC or a silk. This term is used when the monarch is a king.
the Law Lords noun
until 2009, the members of the British House of Lords who were important lawyers and judges and formed the highest court of law in the UK
Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales
American a government officer whose job is to make certain that the laws of a place or orders of a court are obeyed
Master of the Bench noun
in England and Wales, a senior member of one of the Inns of Court. Masters of the Bench are often referred to as benchers.
used for addressing a judge in a court in the UK
Americaninformal a lawyer, especially one who defends someone accused of a crime
Master of the Rolls: the second most senior judge in England and Wales, after the Lord Chief Justice
someone with legal training whose job is to help a lawyer
procurator fiscal noun
British in Scotland, a lawyer who works for the government and whose job is to decide whether there is enough evidence to put someone on trial for a crime. In England and Wales this work is done by the Crown Prosecution Service.
a lawyer whose job is to prove in court that someone accused of a crime is guilty
public defender noun
in the US, a lawyer who is paid by the government to defend people in court if they cannot pay for themselves
public prosecutor noun
in the UK, a lawyer who works for the government and tries to prove that someone has done something illegal. The usual American word is district attorney.
in parts of the UK, a lawyer who sometimes works as a judge
British someone whose job is to make an official record of what is said in a court
legal in England and Wales, a QC
serjeant at arms noun
an official in a court of law or in parliament in the UK whose job is to make certain that the people there do not behave badly
in the past, the most senior law officer in a US town
in Scotland, the judge in a sheriff court
in the past, the most senior law officer in an English county
legalBritish a QC
Solicitor General noun
in the UK, the second most important legal officer, below the Attorney General in England and Wales and the Lord Advocate in Scotland
British someone whose job is to allow people to enter or leave a court of law