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Court cases and legal processes - thesaurus

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action

noun

the process of bringing a case to a court of law. This kind of action is also called legal action

advocacy

noun

legal the act of pleading a case in court

appeal

noun

a formal request for a court of law or similar authority to change its decision

brief

noun

legal a legal case that is given to a lawyer, usually a barrister, to prepare and then argue in court

bring someone to justice

to make someone have a trial in order to find out whether they are guilty of a crime

case

noun

a legal matter that will be decided in a court

cause

noun

legal a case in a law court

cause célèbre

noun

mainly journalism a legal case or political issue that a lot of people become interested in and argue about

class action

noun

a legal case organized by a group of people who all have the same problem

committal

noun

the process by which a court officially sends someone to prison or for a trial in a higher court

committal

noun

the process by which a court officially sends someone who is mentally ill to a hospital

committal procedure

noun

in some countries with common law, a short pre-trial hearing to decide whether there is enough evidence to try a serious crime

compensation culture

noun

Britishshowing disapproval the tendency for people to try to get compensation for any loss, damage, or suffering caused by another person

court

noun

done by a court or relating to a court

court

noun

used for referring to the process of taking a legal action against someone

court-martial

noun

a trial in a military court

direction

noun

legal information given by a judge to a jury about the legal matters of a case

disclosure

noun

legalmainly British the process of making evidence and other documents available to the people involved in a legal case. Disclosure is also sometimes called discovery (of documents).

dissent

noun

legal an official statement in which a judge states that they disagree with the other judges in a legal case

docket

noun

legalAmerican a list of the cases that are waiting to be considered in a court of law

due process

noun

mainly American the correct way of dealing with a legal trial or other legal matters, that makes sure that people’s rights are protected

hearing

noun

legal a meeting of a court of law or official organization to find out the facts about something

incriminate

verb

to show or make you think that someone is guilty of a crime

initiate

verb

legal to start a legal case or process

inquest

noun

an official attempt by a court to find the cause of someone’s death

interfere with

to persuade a witness to give false information in a court of law

interim

adjective

legalmainly British relating to the period in a civil case between the official start of the case and its end. The adjective interlocutory is used more commonly in the US.

interlocutory

adjective

old-fashioned relating to the period in a civil case between the official start of the case and its end. The adjective interim is usually used now.

judicial precedent

noun

the principle that a legal ruling by a senior judge must be followed in future cases, or an example of such a ruling

judicial restraint

noun

the principle that judges should base their court decisions on written laws and legal precedent, without considering their personal and political opinions

judicial review

noun

in England and Wales, a procedure in which the High Court examines an action or decision of a public body and decides whether it was legal

judicial review

noun

in the United States, the power of a court to decide that a law or official government act is not legal according to the US Constitution

lawsuit

noun

a case that a court of law is asked to decide involving a disagreement between two people or organizations

leapfrog appeal

noun

in England and Wales, a legal appeal that goes directly from the High Court to the Supreme Court missing out the Court of Appeal

legal action

noun

the process of going to court to have something decided officially by law

legal aid

noun

a system in which the government pays for people to get advice about the law or to be represented in court when they do not have enough money for this

litigation

noun

use of the legal system to settle a disagreement

mistrial

noun

a trial that was not done correctly and has to be started again

mistrial

noun

American a trial in which a verdict cannot be reached

mode of trial hearing

noun

in England and Wales, a preliminary court hearing to decide whether an offence will be heard at the Magistrates' Court or the Crown Court

open-and-shut case

noun

a court case that is simple and likely to be decided quickly

originating process

noun

the formal process by which a legal case is started

paternity suit

noun

a legal case brought by a woman against a man in order to establish that he is the father of her child and therefore responsible for providing financial support

plea bargaining

noun

a process by which someone may be allowed to avoid punishment for a serious crime if they admit they have committed a less serious crime

practice

noun

legal the established methods for dealing with cases in court

pre-action protocol

noun

in England and Wales, actions that a court usually expects parties to take before they start a case at court

precedent

noun

the practice of basing legal decisions on decisions in previous cases

proceedings

noun

legal the actions taken, usually in court, to settle a legal matter

the prosecution

noun

the process or act of accusing someone of a crime and asking a court of law to judge them

Regina

noun

Britishformallegal used in the titles of some British court cases to show that the government brought a case against someone

rehearing

noun

a meeting of a court to hear a case again

remand

noun

the period of time that someone accused of a crime waits for their trial

remand

noun

relating to someone who is on remand, or to the process of being on remand

retrial

noun

a second trial in a court of law that takes place because the first trial was considered not to be fair or ended without a verdict

right of appeal

noun

the right to ask a court or other official body to consider changing a decision that you disagree with

show trial

noun

a trial that a government arranges for political reasons and decides the result of before the trial begins

statutory interpretation

noun

the process by which courts work out the meaning of specific laws and how to apply them

stay

verb

formal to stop something such as a court case from continuing

stay of execution/deportation etc

an order given by a judge to stop or delay something

strike out

legal to stop the continuation of a court case

submission

noun

a statement that you make to a judge or to someone else who is considering your case

suit

noun

a claim or complaint that someone makes in a court of law

sum up

legal if a judge sums up a case, they give a summary of all the evidence that has been given

test case

noun

a legal case whose result will be used as a model for similar cases in the future

trial

noun

legal the process of examining a case in a court of law and deciding whether someone is guilty or innocent. When a case comes to trial, it is brought to a court and the person who has been accused of a crime stands trial (=appears in court)

trial by jury

a legal trial in which someone is judged by a jury (=a group of ordinary people chosen for the purpose)

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a lifestyle focussing on simple pleasures such as comfort and cosiness in the home, and spending time with friends and family

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sofar

a form of location that involves the underwater detonation of a bomb which causes sound waves that are picked up by ships

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