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Written symbols on letters of alphabets

accent

noun

a mark above a letter that shows how you pronounce it

acute

adjective

an acute accent is the mark ´ above a letter in some languages that shows it is pronounced in a particular way

cedilla

noun

a mark under the letter ‘c’ in some languages, such as French and Portuguese, that shows that ‘c’ has the sound of the letter ‘s’, not ‘k’. It is written as ‘ç’.

circumflex

noun

the symbol ^ written above a vowel in some languages such as French. A circumflex often makes the sound of a vowel longer.

diacritic

noun

a mark written above or below a word that shows how you should pronounce that word

diaeresis

noun

the symbol ¨ put above a vowel to show that it is pronounced separately from another vowel, for example in the word ‘naïve’

grave

noun

the mark ` above a letter in French and some other languages to show how that letter is pronounced

tilde

noun

the symbol ~ that is written over the letter ‘n’ in Spanish, and ‘a’ and ‘o’ in Portuguese to change the way that they are pronounced

umlaut

noun

the mark ¨, written above a vowel in some languages, such as German, that shows it is pronounced in a particular way

kimchi

a Korean dish made from fermented cabbage or other vegetables, garlic and spices

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jones

a compulsive desire for something; an addiction to something

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