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Words used to describe systems and types of government

absolute

adjective

used for talking about a political system in which complete power is held by one person, and is not shared with a parliament or other political group

absolutist

adjective

relating to political absolutism

autonomous

adjective

an autonomous state, region, or organization is independent and has the power to govern itself

bicameral

adjective

a bicameral parliament consists of two separate groups of people involved in making laws

collectivist

adjective

relating to collectivism

colonialist

adjective

based on or supporting colonialism

democratic

adjective

involving elections in which people vote for their political representatives

democratic

adjective

based on the principle that all people are equal and should be able to share in making decisions

federal

adjective

a federal country or system is one in which individual states make their own laws, but a national government is responsible for areas such as defence and foreign policy

federal

adjective

connected with the national government of a country rather than with the government of one of its member states

governing

adjective

a governing authority has the power to govern a country, city etc

governmental

adjective

relating to a government

imperial

adjective

relating to an empire (=the rule of one country over several other countries)

imperialist

adjective

relating to imperialism

independent

adjective

ruled by its own government, rather than controlled by another country

managed

adjective

controlled by the government

multilateral

adjective

involving three or more groups, especially the governments of three or more countries

multinational

adjective

a multinational state or country has people of several different national groups living in it

multiparty

adjective

involving more than one political party

national

adjective

owned or controlled by the government

nationalist

adjective

trying to achieve political independence for a particular group, state, or nation

neutral

adjective

a country that is neutral does not get involved in a war between other countries

non-aligned

adjective

a country that is non-aligned does not receive support from a more powerful country

Orwellian

adjective

relating to a political system in which the government controls every aspect of people’s lives

parastatal

adjective

partly or completely controlled or owned by the government

representative

adjective

a representative form of government is one in which people vote for politicians who represent their opinions

repressive

adjective

ruling or controlling people by the use of force or violence, or by laws that put unreasonable limits on their freedom

sovereign

adjective

a sovereign nation rules itself

state

adjective

a state occasion or event involves a country’s government or head

state

adjective

a state institution is one that is paid for and run by the government

state

adjective

taking place in or relating to a region of a country that has its own government for some matters

totalitarian

adjective

controlling a country and its people in a very strict way, without allowing opposition from another political party

undemocratic

adjective

controlled by officials or politicians who have not been elected by the people to represent them

unitary

adjective

controlled by a central government or authority

unrepresentative

adjective

an unrepresentative government represents only a few people in a society rather than the majority of people

unstable

adjective

an unstable government changes often and must deal with a lot of fighting and protests

weak

adjective

a weak leader or government does not have enough political power or ability to rule successfully

corporatist

adjective

democratically

adverb

federalist

adjective

federally

adverb

federated

adjective

militaristic

adjective

oligarchic

adjective

plutocratic

adjective

repressively

adverb

theocratic

adjective

undemocratically

adverb

Open Dictionary

chicken raffle

any random process, such as a competition in which a name is drawn from a hat

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