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Words used to describe plants and plant parts

algal

adjective

connected with algae or caused by algae

androgynous

adjective

an androgynous animal or plant has both male and female parts

aquatic

adjective

growing or living in or near water

arboreal

adjective

relating to or living in trees

aromatic

adjective

an aromatic plant, substance, or food smells especially good

bare

adjective

bare trees or areas of land have nothing growing on them

barren

adjective

a barren tree or plant does not produce any fruit

biennial

adjective

a biennial plant lives for only two years

bushy

adjective

bushy trees or plants have a lot of leaves and branches growing close together

creeping

adjective

creeping plants grow along the ground

dense

adjective

with a lot of trees, plants, or leaves growing close together

dwarf

adjective

a dwarf tree, plant, or animal is much shorter or smaller than others of the same type

early

adjective

early crops or flowers are ready to be picked before others of the same type

ephemeral

adjective

an ephemeral plant has only a short life

etiolated

adjective

an etiolated plant has pale leaves and a pale stem because it does not receive enough light from the sun

extinct

adjective

an extinct animal, plant, or language no longer exists

female

adjective

a female plant is one that produces fruit

fertile

adjective

a fertile person, animal, or plant is able to produce babies, young animals, or new plants

fleshy

adjective

a fleshy plant, fruit, vegetable etc is soft and thick

flowering

adjective

a flowering plant produces flowers

giant

adjective

used in the names of some animals and plants that are much larger than others of the same type

greasy

adjective

producing a lot of natural oil

hardy

adjective

a hardy plant is able to live outside during the winter

herbaceous

adjective

a herbaceous plant has a soft green stem and all its parts above ground level die after it has finished growing

higher

adjective

higher plants and animals are the most advanced and developed

indigenous

adjective

indigenous plants and animals belong to a region because they developed there

juvenile

adjective

a juvenile animal or plant is young

leafy

adjective

leafy trees or plants have a lot of leaves

leguminous

adjective

relating to a plant such as a pea or bean that produces seeds in pods

lush

adjective

a lush plant looks very green and healthy

luxuriant

adjective

luxuriant plants grow well and look very healthy

male

adjective

not developing into fruits

mature

adjective

a mature animal or plant has grown to its full size

native

adjective

relating to the place where a plant or animal has always lived

naturalized

adjective

a naturalized plant or animal is one that grows or lives in an area that people brought it to long ago

oil-bearing

adjective

oil-bearing rocks or plants contain oil of some kind

parasitic

adjective

a parasitic plant or animal lives in or on another type of plant or animal and feeds on it

perennial

adjective

a perennial plant lasts for more than two growing seasons

petrified

adjective

a petrified plant or animal has died and gradually changed into stone

pigmy

another spelling of pygmy1

poisonous

adjective

capable of producing poison

polymorphous

adjective

a polymorphous animal or plant has different forms at different stages of its development

pygmy

adjective

a pygmy animal or plant belongs to a type that does not grow very big

rank

adjective

growing and spreading too much

scorched

adjective

a scorched plant is dead or dying from disease, lack of water, or extreme heat

scrubby

adjective

scrubby plants are smaller than normal

shrubby

adjective

growing low and thick like a shrub

submersed

adjective

submersed plants grow under water

succulent

adjective

succulent plants have thick stems or leaves that store a lot of water

temperate

adjective

used about plants and animals that live in temperate areas

tender

adjective

a tender plant is delicate and needs protection from bad weather

thick

adjective

a thick forest, bush, area of grass etc has many trees, leaves, or plants growing very close together

thirsty

adjective

thirsty plants or areas of land need a lot of water

tolerant

adjective

if plants or animals are tolerant of particular conditions, they are able to exist in those conditions

trailing

adjective

a trailing plant has stems that grow very long or hang down

transgenic

adjective

a transgenic plant or animal contains genes from a different plant or animal that have been introduced using a laboratory technique

vascular

adjective

relating to the parts of a plant that carry water, salts, and food from one part of the plant to another

viable

adjective

able to live and grow in an independent way

vigorous

adjective

vigorous plants are healthy, strong, and growing well

wild

adjective

a wild animal or plant lives or grows on its own in natural conditions and is not raised by humans

withered

adjective

a withered plant has become dry and is dying

woody

adjective

a woody plant has a strong hard stem

mutant

adjective

in flower

if a plant is in flower, flowers are growing on it

in fruit

if a tree or plant is in fruit, it has fruit growing on it

in (full) bloom

if a tree or plant is in bloom, it is covered with flowers

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any random process, such as a competition in which a name is drawn from a hat

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