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Words used to describe animals

amphibious

adjective

capable of living both in water and on land

androgynous

adjective

an androgynous animal or plant has both male and female parts

anthropoid

adjective

an anthropoid ape or other animal is very similar to a human

aquatic

adjective

growing or living in or near water

arboreal

adjective

relating to or living in trees

articulate

adjective

an articulate animal has joints (=parts of the body where two bones meet)

asexual

adjective

an asexual creature does not have sex organs

caged

adjective

kept in a cage

captive

adjective

a captive wild animal is kept in a place such as a park or zoo instead of living in its natural environment

cold-blooded

adjective

cold-blooded animals have a body temperature that changes to suit their environment

common

adjective

used in the names of birds and animals when there are more of them than related birds and animals

diurnal

adjective

a diurnal animal is awake and active during the day

domestic

adjective

a domestic animal is one that is kept as a pet or on a farm

domesticated

adjective

a domesticated animal has been trained to live with or work for humans

downy

adjective

covered in very soft small hairs or feathers

draught

adjective

a draught animal is used for pulling heavy things

extinct

adjective

an extinct animal, plant, or language no longer exists

feathered

adjective

covered with feathers, or made from feathers

feral

adjective

a feral cat or other animal is one that lives in a wild state but was once kept as a pet or lived on a farm

fluffy

adjective

covered with very soft hair or feathers

flying

adjective

able to fly

freshwater

adjective

living in water that does not contain salt

furred

adjective

covered with fur, or covered with something that looks like fur

furry

adjective

covered with fur

giant

adjective

used in the names of some animals and plants that are much larger than others of the same type

great

adjective

used in the names of birds or animals that are larger than related birds or animals

gregarious

adjective

gregarious animals or birds live in groups

higher

adjective

higher plants and animals are the most advanced and developed

horned

adjective

with horns

house-trained

adjective

a pet that is house-trained knows that it must go outside or use a special container inside when it needs to get rid of urine or faeces from its body. The American word is housebroken.

indigenous

adjective

indigenous plants and animals belong to a region because they developed there

juvenile

adjective

a juvenile animal or plant is young

lesser

adjective

used in the names of some animals, birds, or plants to show that they are a smaller type

lop-eared

adjective

a lop-eared animal has long ears that hang by the side of its head

man-eating

adjective

a man-eating animal kills and eats people

mangy

adjective

a mangy animal has itchy skin and is starting to lose fur because it has the disease mange

mature

adjective

a mature animal or plant has grown to its full size

migratory

adjective

a migratory bird or animal is one that migrates

native

adjective

relating to the place where a plant or animal has always lived

naturalized

adjective

a naturalized plant or animal is one that grows or lives in an area that people brought it to long ago

nocturnal

adjective

nocturnal animals are active at night rather than during the day

omnivorous

adjective

an omnivorous animal eats both plants and meat

parasitic

adjective

a parasitic plant or animal lives in or on another type of plant or animal and feeds on it

pedigree

adjective

a pedigree animal comes from a family whose members have been recorded for a long time and who are all of the same breed (=type)

petrified

adjective

a petrified plant or animal has died and gradually changed into stone

pigmy

another spelling of pygmy1

poisonous

adjective

capable of producing poison

polymorphous

adjective

a polymorphous animal or plant has different forms at different stages of its development

predatory

adjective

relating to animals that kill and eat other animals

purebred

adjective

a purebred animal comes from parents of the same breed

pygmy

adjective

a pygmy animal or plant belongs to a type that does not grow very big

rabid

adjective

a rabid animal has rabies

rogue

adjective

a rogue wild animal lives apart from other members of its group and is often dangerous

saltwater

adjective

living in the sea or in water that contains salt

savage

adjective

a savage animal is likely to attack you

scaly

adjective

a scaly animal has skin like that of a fish or a snake

shy

adjective

a shy animal is afraid of people and tries to hide from them

simian

adjective

similar to a monkey or an ape, or connected with these animals

social

adjective

social animals live in groups instead of living alone

spineless

adjective

a spineless animal does not have a spine

stuffed

adjective

a dead animal that is stuffed has been filled with a substance so that it looks alive

tame

adjective

a tame animal has been trained to stay calm when people are near it, because it is used to being with them

temperate

adjective

used about plants and animals that live in temperate areas

territorial

adjective

territorial animals or people do not like other animals or people entering an area that they believe belongs to them

tolerant

adjective

if plants or animals are tolerant of particular conditions, they are able to exist in those conditions

transgenic

adjective

a transgenic plant or animal contains genes from a different plant or animal that have been introduced using a laboratory technique

tufted

adjective

a tufted object or animal has tufts of something on it, or it consists of a tuft or tufts

untrained

adjective

an animal that is untrained does not obey people

venomous

adjective

capable of producing poison

warm-blooded

adjective

warm-blooded animals have a body that stays warm in both hot and cold environments. A cold-blooded animal has a body temperature that changes when their environment changes.

webbed

adjective

if a bird or animal has webbed feet, it has skin between its toes to help it to swim well

web-footed

adjective

with toes that are joined by a piece of skin

well-bred

adjective

a well-bred animal has good qualities because of good breeding

wild

adjective

a wild animal or plant lives or grows on its own in natural conditions and is not raised by humans

winged

adjective

a winged creature has wings

asexually

adverb

carnivorous

adjective

herbivorous

adjective

insectivorous

adjective

mammalian

adjective

mutant

adjective

thoroughbred

adjective

vertebrate

adjective

emoji

a small digital image … which is used in electronic communication to express emotion or other simple concepts

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Open Dictionary

major on (doing) sth

to have or do a lot of something; to focus on a particular thing

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