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Types of phrase or expression

adage

noun

a well-known phrase that says something about life and human experience

aphorism

noun

a short statement that says something wise and true

axiom

noun

a statement that is generally believed to be obvious or true

battle cry

noun

a phrase or idea that a person or organization uses to encourage people to think or behave in a particular way, especially in politics

binomial

noun

a phrase containing two nouns that are joined together by a conjunction and always appear in the same order, for example ‘cup and saucer’

catchphrase

noun

a short phrase that many people know because a famous person often says it

cheer

noun

a phrase or short poem that people at a sports event in the US shout to encourage their team

citation

noun

a phrase or sentence taken from a piece of writing or speech

cite

noun

a citation

cliché

noun

a phrase or idea that is boring because people use it a lot and it is no longer original

dictum

noun

an expression or statement that people often repeat because it says something interesting or wise about a subject

figure of speech

noun

an expression in which the words are used figuratively, not in their normal literal meaning

idiom

noun

an expression whose meaning is different from the meaning of the individual words. For example, ‘to have your feet on the ground’ is an idiom meaning ‘to be sensible’.

maxim

noun

a phrase or saying that includes a rule or moral principle about how you should behave

mondegreen

noun

a phrase in a song or poem that someone hears wrongly and thinks that a different phrase is being sung or said. For example, in the song ’Purple Haze’, by Jimi Hendrix, the listener, hearing ’Scuse me while I kiss the sky’ might think they are hearing, ’Scuse me while I kiss this guy’..

oxymoron

noun

an expression that contains words with opposite meanings, for example ‘a bitter sweet experience’ (=an experience that is both unpleasant and pleasant)

phrase

noun

a group of words that are used together in a fixed expression

proverb

noun

a short well-known statement that gives practical advice about life

refrain

noun

a phrase or an idea that is often repeated

saying

noun

a well-known statement about what often happens in life

simile

noun

the use of similes

snowclone

noun

a type of phrase that has a standard pattern in which some of the words can be changed, such as ’X is the new Y’

tautology

noun

a statement, sentence etc in which the meaning is repeated in an unnecessary way by using different words

turn of phrase

an expression

sandwich generation

a generation … who are balancing working life with caring for both their teenage children and elderly parents

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

dish

to gossip or share personal information with someone …

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