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Types of insect

ant

noun

a small insect that lives under the ground in large organized groups called colonies

aphid

noun

a very small insect that lives on plants and destroys them

bedbug

noun

an insect with a round body and no wings that sucks people’s blood, especially when they are in bed

bee

noun

a flying insect that has black and yellow bands and can sting you. Bees make honey, and bees that are not wild live in hives. The sound a bee makes is written as buzz.

beetle

noun

an insect with a smooth hard back

black widow

noun

a very poisonous spider that lives in parts of North America and Asia

bloodsucker

noun

an insect that feeds on the blood of animals or people

blowfly

noun

a fly that lays its eggs on meat or dead animals

bluebottle

noun

a large fly with a shiny blue body

boll weevil

noun

an insect that lives in North America and damages cotton plants

bumblebee

noun

a large bee

butterfly

noun

a flying insect with large colourful wings

caterpillar

noun

a small long thin insect with many legs that eats plants and develops into a butterfly or moth

centipede

noun

a very small insect with a long narrow body and many pairs of legs

chigger

noun

a small insect larva, common in warm parts of the US, whose bite causes painful lumps on your skin

cicada

noun

an insect that lives in trees and tall grass in hot countries and makes a loud high noise

cockroach

noun

an insect similar to a large beetle that lives in places where food is kept

crane fly

noun

a flying insect with very long legs

cricket

noun

a small brown insect that moves by jumping and makes a loud noise by rubbing its front wings together

daddy long legs

noun

a fly with a thin body and very long thin legs

daddy long legs

noun

an insect like a spider with a round body and very long thin legs

dragonfly

noun

an insect with a long narrow brightly coloured body and two pairs of transparent wings

dust mite

noun

a type of very small insect that lives in houses and causes allergies in some people

earthworm

noun

a type of worm that lives in soil

earwig

noun

a brown insect with a pair of curved parts at the back end of its body

firefly

noun

an insect that produces a flashing light when it flies at night

flea

noun

a small jumping insect that lives on animals and bites them

fly

noun

a common small insect with wings. Flies eat food, are often found near rubbish, and are responsible for spreading many diseases

fruit fly

noun

a very small fly that eats decaying fruit

gadfly

noun

a fly that bites cows and horses

glow-worm

noun

a small insect without wings that produces light from its body at night

gnat

noun

a very small flying insect that bites people but is not dangerous

grasshopper

noun

a large insect with long back legs that moves by jumping and makes short high sounds

greenfly

noun

a very small green insect that damages plants

honeybee

noun

a flying insect with black and yellow stripes that makes honey and can sting. A honeybee is often simply called a bee.

hornet

noun

a black and yellow flying insect that can sting you. It is a type of large wasp.

horsefly

noun

a large flying insect that bites horses, cows, and other large animals

housefly

noun

a very common flying insect that often lives in houses and is attracted by food

ladybird

noun

a small insect that has a round red or yellow body with small black spots on it

ladybug

noun

a ladybird

leech

noun

a small soft creature that sticks to the skin of other animals in order to feed on their blood. Leeches were often used in the past as a type of medical treatment.

lice

noun

small insects that live on people’s skin and in their hair. Lice is the plural of louse.

locust

noun

a type of grasshopper that flies over wide areas in very large groups called swarms, often destroying crops

louse

noun

a small insect that lives on the bodies of animals and people

maggot

noun

a small soft creature with no arms or legs that later changes into a fly. Maggots are found in old meat and dead bodies.

mantis

noun

a praying mantis

mayfly

noun

a flying insect that lives near water and has a very short life

midge

noun

a small fly that bites people and often lives near water

millepede

another spelling of millipede

millipede

noun

an insect with a long thin body and many pairs of small legs

mite

noun

a very small insect that lives in foods, on plants, or on animals

mosquito

noun

a small flying insect that bites the skin of people and animals in order to feed on their blood. Some types of mosquito can spread a serious disease called malaria.

moth

noun

a flying insect like a butterfly that flies mostly at night. The young form of some types of moth eat cloth

praying mantis

noun

a large insect with long front legs

queen

noun

a large female insect that can lay eggs

roach

noun

a cockroach

sand fly

noun

a small fly that lives in warm regions of Asia, Africa, and southern Europe. It can spread disease when it bites.

scarab

noun

a large black beetle (=insect with a hard skin) that ancient Egyptians believed was holy

silkworm

noun

a type of caterpillar that produces silk when it is young

silverfish

noun

an insect with a grey or silver body that often causes damage to paper products or clothing

slug

noun

a small creature with a soft body and no legs that moves very slowly. Slugs are similar to snails but they have no shell.

snail

noun

a small animal that has a soft body, no legs, and a hard shell on its back. Snails move very slowly.

spider

noun

a small creature with eight legs that usually weaves a web to catch insects

stick insect

noun

a long thin insect that looks like a small stick

tarantula

noun

a large poisonous spider that lives in Central and South America

termite

noun

a small insect that eats wood and can damage buildings

tick

noun

an insect that sucks your blood

tortoiseshell

noun

a type of butterfly that is brown and orange

tsetse fly

noun

a flying insect in Africa that bites people and animals in order to drink their blood. It can spread a serious disease called sleeping sickness.

varroa mite

noun

a very small insect that is a parasite of honey bees and gives them a disease called varroatosis that kills them

wasp

noun

a black and yellow flying insect that can sting you

weevil

noun

an insect that eats plants and can destroy crops

woodlouse

noun

a small grey insect that lives in places that are slightly wet

woodworm

noun

a small insect that makes holes in wood

worm

noun

a creature with a long soft body and no bones or legs

dark pool

a method of financial trading in which share prices are hidden and not openly available to the public

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