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Types and forms of nouns

ablative

noun

the form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective that you use in some languages when you are talking about who something is done by, what something is done with, or where something comes from

abstract noun

noun

a noun that refers to a quality, idea, or feeling rather than to a person, animal, place, or thing

collective noun

noun

a noun that refers to a group of people and is followed by a singular or plural verb, for example ‘team’ or ‘family’

common noun

noun

a noun that is not the name of a particular person or thing. For example, ‘dog’ and ‘paper’ are common nouns, but ‘Mary’ and ‘New York’ are proper nouns.

concrete noun

noun

a noun that refers to an object that you can see or touch, not to an idea or feeling

count noun

noun

a countable noun

direct object

noun

the noun or pronoun in a sentence that is affected by the action of a transitive verb. In the sentence ‘Harry was reading a book’, the noun phrase ‘a book’ is the direct object of the verb ‘was reading’.

genitive

noun

a form of the noun or pronoun in the grammar of some languages, used to show possession. In English, this is shown by adding ‘’s’ at the end of the word, for example ‘Sarah’s birthday’.

gerund

noun

a noun formed by adding ‘-ing’ to a verb, that describes an action, such as ‘running’ or ‘believing’

indirect object

noun

the person or thing in a sentence that is indirectly affected by the action of the verb because something is given to them or done for them. For example ‘me’ is the indirect object in ‘He gave me the book.’.

mass noun

noun

a noun such as ‘coffee’ that is usually uncountable but can be used in the plural or with the indefinite article, for example when you are talking about different types of coffee

n

abbreviation

noun

nominative

noun

the form of a noun or pronoun when it is the subject of a verb

noun

noun

a word or group of words used for referring to a person, thing, place, or quality. ‘Mother’, ‘rope’, ‘California’, and ‘peace of mind’ are all nouns.

noun phrase

noun

a phrase that is used in a sentence in the same way that a noun is used. In the sentence ‘Camping in the rain is not my idea of fun’, the phrase ‘Camping in the rain’ is a noun phrase, and so is ‘my idea of fun’.

proper noun

noun

a noun that names a particular person, place, or thing and begins with a capital letter. ‘Jane’, ‘Africa’, and ‘New Year’ are proper nouns.

substantive

noun

a noun

uncount noun

noun

a noun that does not have a plural form and cannot be counted. For example, ‘furniture’ and ‘milk’ are uncount nouns.

verbal noun

noun

a noun that is formed from a verb and ends in ‘ing’, for example ‘swimming’ in the sentence ‘Swimming is my favourite sport’

vocative

noun

in some languages, the form of a noun that is used for showing that a particular person or thing is being spoken to

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disciple

someone who admires a famous person such as a political or religious leader and is influenced by...

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