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Types and forms of medicine

amphetamine

noun

a drug that increases energy and excitement and makes you less hungry

anabolic steroid

noun

a drug that increases muscles, used illegally by some sports people to make themselves stronger

anaesthesia

noun

an anaesthetic that is given to someone before they have a medical operation, or the use of anaesthetics

anaesthetic

noun

a drug or gas that is given to someone before a medical operation to stop them feeling pain. An anaesthetic that affects the whole of your body by making you unconscious is called a general anaesthetic and an anaesthetic that affects only a part of your body is called a local anaesthetic

analgesic

noun

a drug that reduces pain

anesthesia

an American spelling of anaesthesia

anesthetic

an American spelling of anaesthetic

antacid

noun

a medicine that reduces the amount of acid in your stomach

antibiotic

noun

a drug that cures illnesses and infections caused by bacteria. Doctors often give people a course of antibiotics, when they have to take a fixed amount of medicine each day for several days.

anticoagulant

noun

a substance that prevents blood from coagulating (=becoming more solid)

antidepressant

noun

a drug used for treating someone who is depressed (=so unhappy that they are considered ill)

antidote

noun

a substance that prevents a poison from having bad effects

antihistamine

noun

a drug used to treat an allergy (=a bad reaction to something you swallow or touch)

anti-inflammatory

noun

a drug taken to reduce inflammation (=swelling, heat, and pain)

antiretroviral

adjective

antiretroviral drugs are used to treat certain types of virus, especially HIV (=the virus that causes AIDS)

barbiturate

noun

a strong drug that doctors give to people to make them calm or help them sleep

beta-blocker

noun

a drug that makes your heart work more slowly, used for treating high blood pressure

booster

noun

a small extra amount of a medical drug that you are given so that a drug you had before will continue to be effective

caplet

noun

a pill shaped like an oval (=a long narrow circle)

capsule

noun

a small round container filled with medicine that you swallow whole

contraceptive

noun

a drug, method, or object used for preventing a woman from becoming pregnant

cough drop

noun

a type of sweet containing medicine that you suck when you have a cough or a sore throat

cough mixture

noun

a liquid medicine that you take to help to cure a cough

cough sweet

noun

a cough drop

cough syrup

noun

cough mixture

decongestant

noun

a drug that helps you breathe more easily when you have a cold

depressant

noun

a drug or substance that makes you feel relaxed and makes your body work and react more slowly

draught

noun

a liquid medicine that you drink

drops

noun

liquid medicine that you put into your eyes, ears, or nose

ear drops

noun

liquid medicine that you put in your ear to treat an ear infection

emetic

noun

a substance that makes you vomit

enema

noun

a liquid used to give someone an enema

expectorant

noun

a medicine that you use for helping you to cough liquid up from your lungs

fertility drug

noun

a drug given to a woman to improve her fertility

gas

noun

a gas given to people before an operation to make them sleep, or during medical treatment so that they will feel less pain

general anaesthetic

noun

a substance that a doctor puts into your body so that you will sleep and not feel any pain during an operation

herbal medicine

noun

medicine made from plants

hypnotic

noun

a drug that makes you go to sleep

inhalant

noun

a medicine or drug that you breathe into your lungs

injection

noun

a drug or another substance that is injected into your body

jab

noun

an injection (=amount of medicine given through a needle) that is intended to stop you from getting a disease

laxative

noun

a medicine, food, or drink that helps you to make solid waste leave your body when you use the toilet

legal high

noun

a drug that makes the user feel happy, excited, or relaxed and that is not illegal

linctus

noun

a thick liquid medicine used for curing coughs

local anaesthetic

noun

a type of anaesthetic (=a drug to stop you feeling pain) that affects only one part of your body

lozenge

noun

medicine shaped like a sweet that you suck if you have a cough or sore throat

magic bullet

noun

a medicine designed to cure an illness quickly and completely, without affecting other parts of the body

MMR vaccine

noun

a drug given to young children by injection to protect them against measles, mumps, and rubella. Some parents are worried about their children being given the MMR vaccine because they believe it may cause autism.

multivitamin

noun

a pill that some people take to make them healthier, containing various vitamins and minerals

narcotic

noun

a drug that people use when they are very ill in order to feel less pain and sleep better

opiate

noun

a drug that contains opium and is used for reducing pain and making you go to sleep

painkiller

noun

a medicine that reduces pain

pastille

noun

a round sweet that contains medicine, for example for a sore throat

patent medicine

noun

a medicine that you can buy from a shop without a doctor’s prescription

pessary

noun

a solid medicine or chemical substance put into a woman’s vagina to cure an infection or to prevent her becoming pregnant

pill

noun

a small piece of solid medicine that you swallow with water

prescription drug

noun

a drug that you can only get if you have a prescription from your doctor

prophylactic

noun

a medicine or treatment used for preventing disease or infection

purgative

noun

a food or drug that makes you go to the toilet

relaxant

noun

something, especially a drug, that relaxes you

sedative

noun

a drug that makes someone calmer, or makes them sleep

serum

noun

a liquid that is put into someone’s blood to help them to fight an infection or a poison

sleeping pill

noun

a pill that you take to help you to sleep

sleeping tablet

noun

a sleeping pill

sports supplement

noun

a food substance or drug that people can take to increase their energy or to become more healthy

statin

noun

a drug that is used to reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood

steroid

noun

a chemical that is produced in the body or made as a drug. Steroids can act as hormones or be used for treating conditions such as swelling, or, illegally, by athletes to improve their performance.

supplement

noun

a pill or special food that you take or eat when your food does not contain everything that you need

suppository

noun

a drug in the form of a small block that is put inside the rectum or vagina to treat a medical condition

suppressant

noun

a drug that stops or limits the effects of something

syrup

noun

a sweet liquid that contains medicine

tablet

noun

a small hard round piece of medicine that you swallow

tincture

noun

a medicine made by mixing a small amount of a drug with alcohol

tonic

noun

a medicine that you take to get more energy and feel healthier, especially after you have been ill or working too hard

tranquilizer

the American spelling of tranquillizer

tranquilliser

a British spelling of tranquillizer

tranquillizer

noun

a drug that makes people calmer when they are very worried or nervous

truth drug

noun

a drug used for trying to make someone tell the truth

vaccine

noun

a substance put into the body, usually by injection, in order to provide protection against a disease

vitamin

noun

a pill containing vitamins

protologism

a new word or phrase invented in the hope that it will become generally used

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

garbage patch

a collection of debris, mostly consisting of plastic, which moves around in the sea …

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