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The european union

Brussels

the capital city of Belgium, where the European Commission (the main governing body of the European Union) is located. Because of this, people often use the word ’Brussels’ for referring to the government of the European Union.

the CAP

the Common Agricultural Policy: a set of laws about farming and food production made by the European Union

the Common Market

a term used in the 1960s and 1970s to refer to what is now the European Union

the EC

noun

European Community: the old name for the EU or European Union

the EEA

noun

European Economic Area: an economic group formed in 1994 consisting of the member states of the European Union and Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway

the EEC

the European Economic Community: the old name of the European Union

EFTA

the European Free Trade Association: an organization of European countries that have a special trade relationship with the European Union but are not members of it

EMU

Economic Monetary Union: the process by which the countries of the European Union agree to control their exchange rates and, in some cases, use the same system of money called the euro

the ERM

noun

exchange rate mechanism: a system for controlling the exchange rate between some of the countries that belong to the EU

the EU

noun

the European Union

Euro-

prefix

relating to the European Union: sometimes added to nouns to make new words

Eurocentric

adjective

showing the belief that Europe is the most important part of the world, or that the rest of the world is the same as Europe

Eurocrat

noun

a politician or official in the European Union. This word is often used as a criticism to describe officials who have too much influence on the lives and work of people in EU countries.

the Euromarket

noun

the European Union considered as a single market

Europe

noun

the European Union

European

adjective

relating to the European Union

the European Commission

noun

a group of senior politicians chosen by the governments of the European Union who are responsible for making laws and decisions within the European Union. The European Commission is often simply called the Commission.

the European Parliament

the parliament of all the countries that belong to the European Union

the European Union

an organization of European countries whose aim is to improve trade among its members and encourage closer political connections. The European Union is often called the EU.

Eurosceptic

noun

someone, especially a politician, who thinks that their country should not be part of the European Union

eurozone

noun

the group of European Union states that use the euro as their official currency

the Eurozone

noun

the area of Europe that consists of countries that are members of the European Union and use the euro as a unit of money

MEP

noun

Member of the European Parliament: a politician who represents one of the regions of a country in the European Union

the Schengen Agreement

an agreement between European countries to get rid of all controls at their borders, and so allow people and goods complete freedom to move between their countries. The agreement involves all members of the European Union except the UK, Ireland, Bulgaria, and Romania, and also Norway, Iceland, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein.

single market

noun

free trading between a group of countries, for example within the European Union

the Treaty of Rome

the political agreement that started the European Economic Community, now the European Union, signed in 1958

pre-cation

a paid holiday given to a new employee before they start their job

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selfie stick

an expandable stick which you attach to a mobile phone or camera to help you take a selfie …

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