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Substances used in medicines and as medicines

alcohol

noun

a similar substance that is found in chemicals and medicines

aloe vera

noun

the thick liquid from the leaves of a type of aloe, used in medicines and in creams that you use on your skin

baking soda

noun

a white powder used in cooking for making cakes rise while they are baking, and also as a medicine for an upset stomach

balsam

noun

a substance like oil that comes from plants. It has a strong smell and is used in medicines and perfumes.

barium meal

noun

a substance that you swallow before having an x-ray of your stomach

bromide

noun

a chemical that is sometimes used as a drug to make people calm or help them to sleep

castor oil

noun

a type of oil with a bitter taste, used in medicines in the past

chloroform

noun

a clear liquid with a strong smell that makes you become unconscious if you breathe it. It was used in the past in medical operations.

cod-liver oil

noun

a yellow oil made from the liver of cod which people take because it contains a lot of vitamins

echinacea

noun

a plant used in alternative medicine to help your immune system fight illness

hydrocortisone

noun

a hormone (=chemical substance produced in the body) that is used in medicine to treat parts of the body that have become swollen and painful

kaolin

noun

a white clay used for preparing some medicines and for making porcelain (=a hard white substance used for making plates, cups etc)

licorice

the American spelling of liquorice

liquorice

noun

a black substance with a strong flavour, used for making sweets and medicines

magnesia

noun

a chemical used in medicines

myrrh

noun

a sticky brown substance with a sweet smell used for making perfume, incense, and medicine

nitroglycerine

noun

a chemical used for making bombs and some types of medicine

oil

noun

a thick smooth liquid used in cooking and preparing food, and in medicines

peppermint

noun

a strong fresh flavour that is obtained from a mint plant and is used in medicines or drinks

ricin

noun

a very poisonous substance that is used in the treatment of cancer and also as a weapon by some terrorists

strychnine

noun

a chemical from plants that is used for making poison or medicine

witch hazel

noun

a liquid used for rubbing on small cuts or injuries

wormwood

noun

a bitter plant used in some medicines and alcoholic drinks

food rave

a very large party where people eat, sell or share many different types of food, usually held outside or in a large public building

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