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Styles and methods in art

abstract expressionism

noun

a style in abstract art in which the artist emphasizes emotions and reactions to things rather than showing objects as they really appear

agitprop

noun

art, literature, or music that supports political beliefs

aquatint

noun

the method used to make aquatint pictures

art deco

noun

a style of art, decoration, and architecture with simple strong lines that was especially popular in the 1920s and 1930s in Europe and the US

art nouveau

noun

a style of art, decoration, and architecture that uses curved patterns of leaves, flowers, and other natural objects, and was popular at the end of the 19th century in Europe and the US

Arts and Crafts

adjective

made in a style that returned to using patterns, materials, and methods that existed before industrial production, following ideas developed in England in the late 19th century

the avant-garde

noun

the art that is produced by avant-garde artists

baroque

adjective

relating to the very detailed style of art, building, or music that was popular in Europe in the 17th and early 18th centuries

brushwork

noun

the way an artist creates effects using a brush

camp

noun

a style of art or entertainment that deliberately does not follow traditional ideas about what is considered good in order to produce a humorous effect

chiaroscuro

noun

the way that light and dark areas create a pattern, especially in drawings and paintings

classicism

noun

a style of art or literature based on ancient Greek and Roman styles that is beautiful in a simple controlled way

conceptual art

noun

art in which the idea the artist wants to express though a piece of work is more important than the work itself

expressionism

noun

a style in art, literature, and music in which the artist emphasizes emotions and reactions to things rather than objects as they really appear

form

noun

the structure of a piece of writing or music or a painting

formalism

noun

a style or method in art, literature, music etc in which there is more emphasis on obeying formal rules than expressing meaning or emotion

freeform

adjective

freeform music or art does not obey the usual rules for creating a piece of music or art

futurism

noun

a movement in art and literature in the early 20th century that used technology as its subject

genre

noun

a particular style used in cinema, writing, or art, which can be recognized by certain features

Gothic

adjective

Gothic novels and films have frightening and mysterious subjects

Gothic

noun

Gothic buildings or literature

gouache

noun

a style of painting using these paints, or the paints used

idealism

noun

a style of art that shows things in a perfect state

idiom

noun

a particular style in language, art, or music

Impressionism

noun

a style of painting in which artists use light and colour to give the general feeling of a scene, rather than exact detail. Impressionism began in France in the middle of the 19th century.

lyricism

noun

the expression of feeling in art

magical realism

noun

magic realism

magic realism

noun

a type of literature or cinema in which very strange things happen in ordinary situations, as they do in dreams

medium

noun

a particular type of art used as a way of expressing ideas or feelings

minimalism

noun

a style of art that developed in the 1960s and uses a small number of simple shapes and colours

mode

noun

a particular fashion or style of art, literature, clothes etc

modernism

noun

a style of art, literature etc that developed in the early part of the 20th century

montage

noun

the method of combining several different pictures, pieces of music etc, to create a single piece

motif

noun

an idea, subject, or pattern that is frequently repeated in a piece of literature, art etc

naturalism

noun

a style of art and literature that shows people as they are in real life

new wave

noun

a form of art, music, theatre etc that uses new styles and ideas

op art

noun

a style of painting that uses lines and shapes that seem to move when you look at them

pastiche

noun

a work of literature, music, art, or film that makes use of material from other similar works, especially in order to laugh in a gentle way at those other works

pastiche

noun

the art or practice of creating works of art in this way

personification

noun

the practice of showing a particular quality in the form of a person, or an instance of this

perspective

noun

a method of showing distance in a picture by making far away objects smaller

photorealism

noun

a style of painting or drawing in which images look so real that they are hard to distinguish from photographs

pointillism

noun

a style of art in which pictures are created using very small spots of colour

pop art

noun

a style of modern art that began in the 1960s and used familiar images such as advertisements as its subjects

postmodernism

noun

ideas, attitudes, or styles of art, literature, or thinking that have developed after modernism, often as a reaction against it

psychedelia

noun

music, art, or writing that is based on the experiences that people have when they are taking psychedelic drugs

realism

noun

a style in art and literature that shows life as it really is

romanticism

noun

a style of literature, art, and music common at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th centuries that emphasized the importance of personal feelings and of nature

still life

noun

a type of art that represents objects rather than people, animals, or the countryside

style

noun

the way that someone writes or produces music or art

surrealism

noun

a 20th-century style of art and literature that tried to represent dreams and unconscious experience using unusual combinations of images

tempera

noun

a method of painting in which colour is mixed with egg or another thick liquid

cubism

noun

sandwich generation

a generation … who are balancing working life with caring for both their teenage children and elderly parents

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dish

to gossip or share personal information with someone …

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