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Stocks and shares and the stock exchange

bear

noun

someone who expects the prices of shares to fall, so they sell them

bearish

adjective

expecting the prices of shares to fall

bearish

adjective

expecting the level of economic activity in general to fall

bearish

adjective

a bearish market is one in which the prices of shares are falling

bear market

noun

a situation in the stock market in which the prices of shares are falling

bid

noun

an offer to buy the shares in a company and take control of it

bid price

noun

the price at which shares are bought on a stock exchange

bondholder

noun

someone who owns government or company bonds

broker-dealer

noun

a person or company that buys and sells stocks, shares, or goods for other people

bull

noun

someone who expects the prices of shares to rise and may buy them so they can sell them later at a profit

bullish

adjective

a bullish market is one in which the prices of shares are rising

bullish

adjective

expecting the prices of shares to rise

bull market

noun

a situation in the stock market in which the prices of shares are rising

bull run

noun

a period during which prices of shares on the stock market are generally rising

buy-back

noun

an arrangement in which someone agrees to buy back shares or goods that they previously sold to someone

buy-in

noun

a situation in which a group of managers buys some or all of the shares in a company that they do not work for

buyout

noun

a situation in which the managers or people employed in a company take control of it by buying all of its shares

capitalization

noun

the total value of all the shares in one or more companies on a market

close

verb

to have a particular value when people stop buying and selling on a stock exchange at the end of a day

controlling interest

noun

a situation in which someone owns enough shares in a company to be able to make decisions about what the company does

corporate bond

noun

a type of bond (=official document given to someone who has lent money, promising to pay that money back) that is provided by a public company

corporate raider

noun

a person or organization that tries to take control of a company by buying a large number of its shares

correction

noun

a fall in values on the stock market following a period when values have risen very fast

crash

verb

if the stock market crashes, its value falls suddenly

crash

noun

a sudden fall in prices or in the value of the stock market

day trading

noun

the activity of buying shares and selling them for a profit later in the same day

dealing room

noun

a room at a stock exchange where shares are bought and sold

equity

noun

the value of a company’s shares

equities

noun

company shares that can be bought and sold on a stock market

float

verb

to start to sell a company’s shares on the stock market

float

noun

the first time that a company starts to sell its shares on the stock market

floor

noun

an area where shares in companies are bought and sold

flotation

noun

the sale of shares in a company for the first time

futures market

noun

the activity of buying and selling shares, goods, or currency at an agreed price to be delivered at a time in the future

gain

verb

if shares or the markets gain, the value of shares increases

gilt

noun

a security (=a financial document that shows you own something)

golden share

noun

a share that is owned by the government in a private company which allows the government to control what the company does after it has been privatized

grey market

noun

the activity of buying and selling company shares before they are officially available

hedge

verb

to buy and sell shares in such a way that the risk of losing money is low

HFT

noun

high-frequency trading: the use of sophisticated technology including very fast connections and computer algorithms to make trades in securities extremely quickly in order to gain an advantage over other traders

high-frequency trading

noun

the use of sophisticated technology including very fast connections and computer algorithms to make trades in securities extremely quickly in order to gain an advantage over other traders

holding

noun

a part of a company that someone owns in the form of a share or shares

IPO

noun

initial public offering: an occasion when shares in a company are first sold to the public

irredeemable

adjective

irredeemable stock cannot be sold in return for money

issue

noun

a set of things, for example shares in a company, that are made available to people at a particular time

jobber

noun

someone whose job is to sell stocks and bonds

LBO

noun

a leveraged buyout

leveraged buyout

noun

a way of taking control of a company by buying its shares using borrowed money, with the intention of using money from the company to pay back what has been borrowed

management buyout

noun

a business deal in which the managers of a company buy all or the majority of its shares so that they own the company

market

noun

a stock market

market capitalization

noun

a way of measuring the value of a company calculated by multiplying the number of the company’s shares by their price on the stock market

market maker

noun

someone whose job is to buy and sell stocks and shares for other people on the stock market

miner

noun

a share in a mining company

mutual fund

noun

a unit trust

offer price

noun

the price at which a company is willing to sell shares

ordinary shares

noun

the majority of the shares into which the capital of a company is divided. The people who own these shares have the right to a part of the company’s profits.

par

noun

the original value of a stock market share

P/E ratio

noun

price-earnings ratio

pit

noun

the place where people buy and sell shares in a stock exchange

premium

noun

the amount by which the price of a share is higher than its original price

price-earnings ratio

noun

a way of measuring the value of a company’s stock by dividing the price for each share by what the company earns for it

profit-taking

noun

a situation where businesspeople sell shares while they are rising in value in order to make a profit

raid

noun

an attempt by one business to take control of another by buying a lot of its shares

raider

noun

a corporate raider

redeem

verb

to get money by selling shares that you own in a company

redemption

noun

the sale of shares that you own in a company

rights issue

noun

an offer of shares at a special low price by a company to people who already own shares in it

scrip

noun

extra shares that are given to someone who already has shares in a company, instead of a dividend

securities

noun

documents showing that you own shares in a company

sell-off

noun

a situation in which a lot of stocks are sold at the same time, making prices go down

share

noun

relating to shares

shareholder

noun

someone who owns shares in a company

share option

noun

an arrangement by which a worker can buy shares in the company they work for at a good price and will make money if they keep them for an agreed number of years

spread betting

noun

a type of betting on the stock market in which you win shares if the value of a company increases or decreases within a particular range of possible values

stock

noun

one of the equal parts into which the value of a company is divided

stockbroker

noun

someone whose job is to buy and sell shares in companies for other people

stock exchange

noun

a place where people buy and sell shares in companies

the stock exchange

noun

the stock market

stockholder

noun

a shareholder

the stock market

noun

a stock exchange

the stock market

noun

the activities connected with buying and selling shares in companies

the stock market

noun

the value of the shares being sold in a stock exchange

stock option

noun

a share option

subscribe for

to apply to buy shares in a company

subscription

noun

an agreement to buy shares in a company

takeover

noun

a situation in which one company takes control of another company by buying a majority of its shares

TMT

abbreviation

technology, media, and telecommunications: used for describing that area of business on the stock exchange

trade

noun

the activity of buying and selling shares in companies

trading

noun

the activity of buying and selling shares in companies

underwriter

noun

a financial institution that underwrites a company’s shares when they first become available

unit price

noun

the price of each single thing, especially a share in a company

unit trust

noun

an organization through which you can buy shares in many different businesses

unlisted

adjective

used about the shares of an unlisted company

the Wall Street Crash

a famous event in 1929 when the value of shares on the Wall Street Stock Exchange in New York fell so low that many people lost all their money. This event led to the Depression of the 1930s.

warehousing

noun

an attempt to protect or increase the value of a company’s shares by buying a lot of them

day-trader

noun

high-frequency trader

noun

stockbroking

noun

go public

if a private company goes public, it becomes a public company by selling shares to people

play the (stock) market

to invest in stocks or shares because you want to make money

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breakfast rave

a rave … that takes place early in the morning and where there is no alcohol or drugs …

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