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Skin problems, swellings and injuries

abrasion

noun

an injured area of skin on your body, caused by your skin rubbing hard against something

abscess

noun

a painful swollen area on your skin or inside your body that is infected and filled with pus (=unpleasant yellow liquid)

athlete’s foot

noun

an infection in which the skin between the toes becomes sore, cracked, and itchy

bedsore

noun

a red painful area on your skin that you get from lying in one position in bed for a long time

black eye

noun

a dark mark that forms on the skin around your eye as a result of being hit

blackhead

noun

a small black spot on your skin, caused by dirt or oil blocking a pore (=one of the small holes in your skin)

blemish

noun

a mark on someone’s skin, such as a spot or a scar

blister

noun

a swollen area on your skin that is full of a clear liquid and is caused by being burned or rubbed

blotch

noun

a coloured mark on something, especially a red mark on your skin

boil

noun

a painful lump on your skin that has become infected and is filled with pus (=an unpleasant yellow liquid)

break out

if something such as spots break out, or if you break out in spots, spots start to appear on your skin

breakout

noun

an appearance of spots on your skin

bring out in

to make particular marks appear on someone’s skin

bruise

noun

a mark that you get on your body if you are hit or if you knock against something

bump

noun

a raised part on your skin where you have been injured

bunion

noun

a painful swollen area on the side of your big toe

burn

noun

an injury that you get when something burns your skin

callus

noun

a hard thick area of skin caused by rubbing, especially on your hands or feet

chap

verb

if your skin chaps, or if it is chapped, it becomes dry and painful, especially because of cold weather

chilblain

noun

a painful swollen lump on a finger or toe, usually in cold weather

clear

verb

if your skin clears, it starts to become smooth and healthy again

cold sore

noun

a sore area near your lips that is caused by an infection

contusion

noun

a blue or purple mark on your skin where you have been hit

corn

noun

a small piece of hard skin on your foot that is painful

cut

noun

an injury on your skin where something sharp has cut it

cyst

noun

a lump containing liquid that grows under your skin or inside your body

dandruff

noun

small white pieces of dry skin in your hair

dermatitis

noun

a medical condition in which parts of your skin become red and sore or covered in spots

eczema

noun

a medical condition that makes your skin dry, sore, and itchy

erupt

verb

if spots erupt on your skin, a lot of them suddenly appear there

fever blister

noun

a cold sore

flash burn

noun

a burn caused by being near sudden strong heat, for example during an explosion

flesh wound

noun

an injury that cuts your skin but does not affect your bones or important organs

ganglion

noun

a painful lump full of liquid on your skin, often on the back of the wrist

gash

noun

a long deep cut in your skin or in the surface of something

graze

noun

a break in the surface of your skin, usually caused by falling down

haematoma

noun

a soft lump in the tissues of the body consisting of blood that has become thick and stopped flowing

hangnail

noun

a painful piece of loose skin at the side of a nail

head

noun

the white centre of a spot on your skin

heat rash

noun

painful or itchy red spots on your skin that are caused by getting too hot

hematoma

noun

the American spelling of haematoma

irritation

noun

a painful feeling in a part of the body, often with red skin or swelling

itch

noun

an unpleasant feeling on your skin that makes you want to scratch it (=rub it with your nails)

laceration

noun

a deep cut in someone’s flesh

lesion

noun

an area of damaged skin. A more usual word is wound.

liver spot

noun

a brown spot that people often get on their skin as they become older

lump

noun

a small hard part on or under your skin that is caused by illness or injury

mark

noun

an area of colour on something such as a person’s or animal’s skin that is different in colour from the rest

nappy rash

noun

sore, broken skin that is usually caused by wearing a wet nappy for too long

pimple

noun

a small red lump on your skin, especially on your face

plantar wart

noun

a verruca

pockmark

noun

a small permanent mark on your skin that goes inwards, caused by a disease such as chickenpox or acne

prickly heat

noun

a skin condition in which you get very small red spots that you want to rub, caused by hot weather

pustule

noun

a spot on your skin that is filled with liquid

rash

noun

an area of small red spots on your skin, caused by an illness or an allergic reaction to something that you have touched, eaten etc

running sore

noun

a painful infected part of your body that has pus coming out of it

scab

noun

a hard layer of dry blood that forms when a cut on your skin is getting better

scald

noun

a burn on your skin caused by very hot liquid or steam

scar

noun

a permanent mark on your skin where you have been injured

scratch

noun

a cut on the surface of your skin

sore

noun

a small painful area of skin that is injured or infected

spot

noun

a very small red lump on someone’s face

spot

noun

a small red mark that you get on your skin if you have a disease such as measles or chickenpox

sunburn

noun

the condition of having red sore skin that is caused by staying in the sun for too long

swelling

noun

an area of your body that has increased in size as a result of an injury or an illness

verruca

noun

a type of wart on the bottom of your foot

wart

noun

a small hard lump that grows on your skin, for example on your neck or hand, and is caused by a virus

weal

noun

a mark on the skin where it has been hit or injured

welt

noun

a red raised area on the skin caused by injury or illness

wound

noun

an injury in which your skin or flesh is damaged, usually seriously. When a wound gets better it heals

zit

noun

a small raised infected mark on your face

eruption

noun

go on the offensive

to begin to attack or criticize someone who you think is attacking you

dark pool

a method of financial trading in which share prices are hidden and not openly available to the public

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bottom line

the amount of money that a business makes or loses

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to post a tweet, usually a negative one, that mentions a person without using the @ sign, so that they will not see the message on their Twitter feed …

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