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Ruling and not ruling

abdicate

verb

if a king or queen abdicates, he or she formally gives up power

accede

verb

to formally take a position of authority, especially as a king, queen, or president

accession

noun

the occasion on which someone formally takes a position of authority, especially as a king, queen, or president

commoner

noun

someone who does not belong to a royal or noble family

coronation

noun

a ceremony at which someone officially becomes king or queen

court

noun

the place where a king or queen lives and works

the court

noun

a king or queen, together with their family and their servants, advisers etc

the crown

noun

the position of being king or queen

crown

verb

to make someone a king or queen during a ceremony in which a crown is put on their head

depose

verb

to force a political leader or a king or queen out of their position of power

deposition

noun

the act of removing a political leader or a king or queen from a position of power

dethrone

verb

to remove a king or queen from power

divine right

noun

in the past, the idea that a king or queen ruled because of a right given by God so that they could not be opposed or removed from power

dynasty

noun

a period of time during which members of the same family rule a country or region

enthrone

verb

to make someone the new king, queen, or bishop in a formal ceremony

governor general

noun

a person who acts as the head of state instead of the British Queen or King in some countries in the British Commonwealth

head of state

noun

the leader of a country, for example a king, queen, or president

interregnum

noun

a period of time in which there is temporarily no king or queen ruling a country

kingship

noun

the position of king, or the fact that someone is king

potentate

noun

a king or other powerful man who has a lot of authority and influence

pretender

noun

someone who claims to be the true king, queen, or leader of a country, when another person holds this position

realm

noun

a country ruled by a king or queen

regency

noun

a period during which a regent governs in the place of a king or queen

regent

noun

someone who governs a country in the place of a king or queen who is ill, young, or not available to govern

reign

noun

the period of time when a king or queen rules a country

reign

verb

if a king or queen reigns, they officially rule a country

royal

adjective

used in the names of organizations and institutions that were established by a king, queen, or other royal person

royal prerogative

noun

the special rights of a king or queen

rule

noun

the person, country, political or religious group etc that officially controls or governs a place

rule

verb

to officially control or govern a country or area

ruler

noun

someone who controls a country

ruling

adjective

in control of, or having the most power in, a country, group, or organization

sovereignty

noun

the right to rule a country

sovereignty

noun

the right of a country to rule itself

succession

noun

the process by which one person comes after another as a king, queen, or leader

sultanate

noun

the period during which a sultan rules

the throne

noun

the position of being a king or queen

viceroy

noun

someone chosen by a king or queen to rule another country

abdication

noun

ascend the throne

to become king or queen of a country

Open Dictionary

garbage patch

a collection of debris, mostly consisting of plastic, which moves around in the sea …

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