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Punishments outside of prison

bail

noun

the chance to stay out of prison until your trial

bind over

if a court binds someone over, it orders them to do something and usually makes them pay money that they lose if they do not obey

community service

noun

work that someone does as a punishment, instead of going to prison

damages

noun

money that a court orders you to pay someone because you have harmed them or their property

disqualification

noun

a situation in which someone is not allowed to take part in something because they have committed an offence or have done something that is not allowed by the rules

disqualify

verb

to not allow someone to do something because they have committed an offence

endorse

verb

to record an offence committed by a driver on their driving licence

endorsement

noun

an official record of an offence committed by a driver that is printed in their driving licence

extradition

noun

the process of extraditing someone

fine

noun

an amount of money that you have to pay because you have broken the law

forfeit

noun

something that you must give, pay, or do because you have done something wrong

impound

verb

if the police or other officials impound something, they take it away from someone because they have done something illegal

non-custodial

adjective

a non-custodial punishment does not involve sending someone to prison

probation

noun

a system by which someone who has committed a crime is not sent to prison, but has to agree not to break the law again and to let a probation officer check their behaviour for a specific period of time

restorative justice

noun

the practice of making the person who committed a crime meet their victim in order to repair some of the damage done by the crime

sanction

noun

a threat to punish someone for breaking a rule

sequester

verb

to sequestrate

sequestrate

verb

to take someone’s property away from them until they pay the money that they owe

suspended sentence

noun

time that someone will have to spend in prison only if they commit another crime within a fixed period

tag

noun

a piece of electronic equipment attached to someone, especially a criminal, in order to check where they go

sequestration

noun

be under house arrest

to be officially prevented from leaving your home, usually because you have been accused of a political crime

punitive damages

extra money that a court of law makes someone pay for causing harm to someone

protologism

a new word or phrase invented in the hope that it will become generally used

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

garbage patch

a collection of debris, mostly consisting of plastic, which moves around in the sea …

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