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Psychology and psychoanalysis

analyse

verb

to examine someone’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviour as a way of understanding and dealing with their emotional or mental problems

analysis

noun

the process of examining someone’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviour as a way of understanding and dealing with their emotional or mental problems

analyst

noun

a doctor who helps people with mental or emotional problems by listening to them talk about their experiences and feelings

analyze

the American spelling of analyse

aversion therapy

noun

a treatment to change someone’s behaviour or get rid of a bad habit by giving them an unpleasant experience every time they behave in a particular way or do a particular thing

CBT

noun

cognitive behavioural therapy: a way of treating psychological problems that attempts to help people change both ways of thinking and ways of behaving

collective unconscious

noun

the part of the mind that some people believe contains ideas, images, and memories that all people have because they were born with them

consciousness

noun

someone’s mind and thoughts

couch

noun

a long piece of furniture like a bed that someone lies on while talking about their mental problems with a psychiatrist

ego

noun

in psychology, the conscious part of the mind that is responsible for thinking and understanding

free association

noun

in psychology, a connection that you make in your mind between things that are not similar to each other in an obvious way

Freudian

adjective

relating to the ideas and methods of the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, especially his theories about people’s subconscious thoughts and feelings

Gestalt psychology

noun

a form of psychology that considers behaviour, feelings, beliefs etc as part of a greater whole, not as simple and separate reactions

group therapy

noun

a treatment for people with emotional problems in which they come together in a group to discuss their problems and possible solutions with a trained therapist

head

noun

your mind and thoughts

id

noun

in psychology, the part of your mind that is unconscious and has hidden wants and needs

internal

adjective

existing or happening inside your mind

mental

adjective

existing in the mind

mental

adjective

relating to the mind

mental

adjective

relating to the health of the mind, or illnesses of the mind

mental health

noun

the condition of your mind

mental health

noun

connected with mental health or the treatment of mental health problems

NLP

noun

neurolinguistic programming: a way of changing the relationship between someone’s mind and language in order to affect their behaviour

Oedipus complex

noun

an unconscious sexual feeling that a son has towards his mother, at the same time hating his father

pathological

adjective

pathological behaviour or feelings are not based on reason and cannot be controlled by the person experiencing them

pop psychology

noun

explanations of situations and feelings that use ideas from psychology in a way that seems silly or too simple

psyche

noun

the part of your mind that controls your attitudes and behaviour

psychiatrist

noun

a doctor who treats people with mental illnesses

psychiatry

noun

the study and treatment of mental illness

psychic

adjective

connected with your mind rather than your body

psycho-

prefix

connected with your mind: used with some nouns and adjectives

psychoanalyse

verb

a British spelling of psychoanalyze

psychoanalysis

noun

medical treatment in which someone talks to a psychoanalyst about their feelings in order to understand their own behaviour better, or to solve their mental problems

psychoanalyst

noun

a doctor whose job is to talk to people about their feelings and help them to understand their behaviour or solve their mental problems

psychoanalyze

verb

to treat someone who is unhappy or has mental problems by using psychoanalysis

psychobabble

noun

a way of talking about feelings that sounds scientific

psychodrama

noun

a treatment for mental illness in which people act in situations that can help them to understand their problems

psychological

adjective

involving or affecting your mind

psychological

adjective

caused by your feelings or thoughts

psychological

adjective

connected with the study of how your mind works

psychologist

noun

someone who studies how people’s minds work and how this affects their behaviour

psychology

noun

the study of the mind and how it affects behaviour

psychology

noun

the way that the mind affects behaviour in a particular person or group of people

psychology

noun

the ability to understand the way that people think, that helps you to make people do what you want

psychometric

adjective

measuring a person’s ability to think, especially in order to judge how suitable they are for a particular job

psychosomatic

adjective

connected with the relationship between your mind and physical illness

psychotherapist

noun

someone who is trained to treat people with a mental illness by talking to them rather than by giving them drugs

psychotherapy

noun

the treatment that a psychotherapist provides

Rorschach test

noun

a test of someone’s personality in which they say what shapes they see in large spots of ink

self

noun

who you are and what you think and feel, especially the conscious feeling of being separate and different from other people

shrink

noun

a psychiatrist. Some people think that this word does not show respect.

stability

noun

a condition in which someone’s mind or emotional state is healthy

subconscious

noun

the part of your mind that contains thoughts and feelings that you do not think about, or do not realize you have

superego

noun

a word used in freudian psychology to refer to your conscience (=the part of your mind that tells you what is right or wrong)

therapist

noun

someone whose job is to help people with physical, mental, or emotional problems, using a particular type of therapy

unconscious

noun

the part of your mind that contains unconscious thoughts and feelings that influence your behaviour

mentally

adverb

psychoanalytical

adjective

psychologically

adverb

hostile architecture

the design of buildings or public spaces in a way which discourages people from touching, climbing or sitting on them …

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Open Dictionary

boots on the ground

a situation in which a country's armed forces are physically present in an area of conflict …

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