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Pregnancy and having a baby

the afterbirth

noun

the tissues (=substances that cells are made of), including the placenta, that come out of a woman’s body after her baby is born

amniocentesis

noun

a test carried out on liquid taken from a pregnant woman’s womb in order to find out if the baby has any medical problems

amniotic fluid

noun

the liquid that a baby lives in inside its mother’s womb

antenatal

adjective

relating to the medical care of pregnant women, or to the time before a baby is born

anti-choice

adjective

believing that pregnant women should not be allowed to decide whether or not to have an abortion

arrive

verb

if a baby arrives, it is born

baby blues

noun

a feeling of sadness that some women have for a short period after they have had a baby

baby shower

noun

a party for a woman who is going to have a baby. Her friends give her presents for the baby.

bear

verb

to give birth to a child

birth

noun

the occasion of a baby being born

birth

noun

the process of being born or of giving birth to a baby

birth certificate

noun

an official document that shows your name, details of when and where you were born, and who your parents are

birthing

adjective

relating to or used in the process of giving birth

born

adjective

when a baby is born, it comes out of its mother’s body and starts its life. The time when you are born is your birth, and a mother gives birth to a baby

breech birth

noun

a birth in which the baby’s head does not come out first

broody

adjective

wanting to have a baby

caesarean

noun

a medical operation in which a baby is born by being removed from a woman’s body through a cut made in her abdomen, because the baby cannot be born in the normal way.

cesarean

noun

a caesarean

childbearing

noun

the process of being pregnant and giving birth to children

childbirth

noun

the process of giving birth to a baby

clucky

adjective

keen to have children

confinement

noun

the time during which a pregnant woman gives birth

contraction

noun

a movement of a muscle in which it becomes tighter, especially the strong painful movement of the muscles of a woman’s womb that help to push a baby out during birth

C-section

noun

a caesarean

deliver

verb

to help a woman to give birth to a baby

delivery

noun

the process of giving birth to a baby

doula

noun

a woman who gives help and support to another woman before, during, and after the birth of her baby

due

adjective

if a baby is due, it is expected to be born. You can also say that the mother is due

eclampsia

noun

a medical condition in which a pregnant woman with high blood pressure has convulsions (=violent uncontrolled movements)

ectopic

adjective

an ectopic pregnancy is one in which a baby starts to grow outside its mother’s womb

egg

noun

a cell produced inside a woman or female animal that develops into a baby if it is fertilized by a sperm (=a male cell)

embryo

noun

an animal or human before it is born, when it is beginning to develop and grow

embryonic

adjective

relating to an animal or human embryo

epidural

noun

a medical treatment in which an anaesthetic (=drug that stops you feeling pain) is put into the lower back, especially of a woman who is giving birth to a baby

fetal

the American spelling of foetal

fetus

the American spelling of foetus

foetal

adjective

relating to a foetus

foetus

noun

a developing baby human or animal, before it is born

forceps

noun

a large medical tool used for helping to pull a baby out of its mother’s womb when it is being born

gestation

noun

the time during which a human or animal baby develops inside its mother, or the process by which this happens

induce

verb

to make a woman start giving birth to a baby rather than waiting for her to start having it naturally

induction

noun

the process of helping a woman to start giving birth to a baby rather than waiting for her to start having it naturally

labour

noun

the process by which a baby is pushed from its mother’s body when she is giving birth to it

labour

noun

relating to a woman’s labour when she is giving birth to a baby

maternity

adjective

designed or provided for women who are pregnant or who have just had a baby

maternity leave

noun

time before and after the birth of a baby when a woman is allowed to be away from her job

midwife

noun

a nurse whose job is to look after women when they are giving birth to a baby

midwifery

noun

the job that a midwife does

miscarriage

noun

the process of giving birth to a baby before it has developed enough to live

miscarry

verb

to give birth to a baby before it has developed enough to live

miscegenation

noun

the process by which children are born to parents who are of different races

morning sickness

noun

a feeling of wanting to vomit that affects some women when they are pregnant

mother-to-be

noun

a pregnant woman

mum-to-be

noun

a pregnant woman, especially one expecting her first child

natural childbirth

noun

a method of having a baby without using drugs to deal with the pain and without having a caesarian (=an operation to get the baby out)

the NCT

the National Childbirth Trust: a British organization that encourages pregnant women to choose a natural birth and to breastfeed

overdue

adjective

a baby that is overdue has not been born by the date on which it was expected

perinatal

adjective

relating to the time just before and just after the birth of a baby

placenta

noun

the organ through which a baby is connected to its mother’s blood supply in her womb before birth

postnatal depression

noun

a mental illness in which a woman feels very sad after her baby is born

pre-eclampsia

noun

a medical condition that affects pregnant women and quickly becomes dangerous if it is not treated

pregnancy

noun

the condition of being pregnant, or the period of time that a woman is pregnant

pregnancy test

noun

a test that can be used for finding out if a woman is pregnant or not

prenatal

adjective

relating to the period of time when a woman is pregnant

pro-choice

adjective

believing that pregnant women should be allowed to decide whether or not to have an abortion

procreate

verb

to produce babies or young animals

produce

verb

to have a baby or young animal

pro-life

adjective

believing that pregnant women should not be allowed to have an abortion

reproduce

verb

to have babies, or to produce young animals or plants

scan

verb

to use a piece of equipment to see the developing baby in a pregnant woman

shower

noun

a party arranged for a woman by her friends, in which they give her presents because she will soon have a baby or get married

sip and see party

noun

a party given by new parents so that friends and family can see their newborn baby

stillbirth

noun

a birth in which the baby is born dead

stretch mark

noun

a white line that can appear on someone’s skin after they have lost a lot of weight or have had a baby

surrogacy

noun

an arrangement in which a woman gives birth to a baby for another woman who cannot have children

surrogate mother

noun

a woman who gives birth to a baby for another woman who cannot have children

term

noun

the end of the period of time that a woman is pregnant

trimester

noun

a period of three months, especially during the time when a woman is pregnant or during a university year

ultrasound

noun

a process in which a part of someone’s body is examined using ultrasound, especially a baby inside its mother’s body

umbilical cord

noun

a long tube that connects a baby to its mother before it is born and through which it receives food and oxygen. It is cut immediately after birth.

unborn

adjective

an unborn child is still inside its mother’s womb

gestate

verb

obstetric

adjective

procreation

noun

pro-lifer

noun

a woman’s right to choose

used for saying that pregnant women should be legally allowed to decide whether to have the baby or have an abortion

cut the cord

to cut the umbilical cord that joins a baby to its mother

give birth (to someone)

if a woman gives birth to a baby, she produces it from inside her body

have a child

to be or become a parent

have a child/baby/son/daughter by someone

used for saying who the other parent of someone’s child is

have a baby/child/twins etc

to give birth

in embryo

in the early stage of life, before birth

lose a baby

if a woman loses a baby, the baby dies before it is born

someone’s waters break

if a pregnant woman’s waters break, liquid from around her baby flows out of her body because the baby is ready to be born

the facts of life

the facts about sex and how babies are made

the happy event

the birth of a baby

pre-roll

a video advertisement that appears immediately before an online video

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

breakfast rave

a rave … that takes place early in the morning and where there is no alcohol or drugs …

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