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Plumbing and drainage systems

airlock

noun

an air bubble that stops liquid flowing through a pipe

back up

if a toilet, sink, or drain backs up, or if it is backed up, water cannot flow through it because something is blocking it

blockage

noun

something that blocks a tube or pipe

carry

verb

if a road, pipe, or wire carries something along it, that thing moves or flows along it

cesspit

noun

a large covered hole or container in the ground for collecting the liquid and solid waste that flows from a building

clog

verb

to block something such as a pipe, tube, or passage, or to become blocked, so that nothing can get through

conduit

noun

a pipe or passage that water flows through to go from one place to another

culvert

noun

a very wide pipe that carries water under a road or railway line

cutoff

noun

a part of a pipe that can be closed to stop a gas or liquid flowing

downpipe

noun

a pipe on the side of a building that carries rainwater down from the roof to the ground

downspout

noun

a downpipe

drain

noun

a pipe or passage through which water or waste liquid flows away

the drains

noun

the system of pipes and passages that take away water or waste liquid in a town or city

drainage

noun

a system of pipes and passages that take away water or waste liquid from an area

drainage

noun

the process of taking away water or waste liquid from somewhere

drainpipe

noun

a pipe on the side of a building that carries rainwater down from the roof to the ground

drainpipe

noun

a pipe that takes away waste water or liquid from inside a building

duct

noun

a pipe or tube in a building that carries something such as air or protects wires

ducting

noun

a system of ducts in a building

faucet

noun

a water tap on a bath or sink

freeze

verb

if a pipe freezes, or if the weather freezes it, the water inside it becomes ice

fur up

if a pipe or container for water furs up or is furred up, it becomes covered inside with limescale (=a hard white substance)

gutter

noun

guttering

guttering

noun

the open pieces of pipe that are fixed along the edge of a roof to carry rain water away

interconnector

noun

a pipeline that carries gas from one country to another

lagoon

noun

an artificial pool for waste water

main

noun

a large pipe or wire used for carrying water, gas, or electricity

the mains

noun

the public supply of water, gas, or electricity

main

noun

the point where the supply of water, gas, or electricity enters a building or room

outfall

noun

the place where water or liquid waste flows out of a pipe

outflow

noun

a flow of water, gas etc out of a pipe

outlet

noun

a pipe or hole through which gas or liquid flows out

pipe

noun

a tube that carries liquid or gas from one place to another

pipe

verb

to send liquid or gas through a pipe from one place to another

pipeline

noun

a long underground pipe that carries water, gas etc from one place to another

pipework

noun

a set of pipes that carry water, gas etc around a building

plumb

verb

to connect the water pipes in a room or building

plumbing

noun

the job of fitting and repairing pipes, water tanks, and other equipment used for supplying and storing water

plumbing

noun

the system of pipes, water tanks, and other equipment used for supplying and storing water in a building

running water

noun

water that is supplied by pipes into a building

sanitary

adjective

relating to people’s health, especially to the system of supplying water and dealing with human waste

sanitation

noun

conditions and processes relating to people’s health, especially the systems that supply water and deal with human waste

S-bend

noun

a double curve in a pipe that forms a shape similar to an ‘s’. The American word is S-curve.

septic tank

noun

a large container buried under the ground and used for collecting waste from toilets

sewage

noun

waste substances, especially waste from people’s bodies, removed from houses and other buildings by a system of large underground pipes called sewers

sewer

noun

an underground pipe or passage that carries sewage

sewerage

noun

a system of pipes and passages that carry sewage

sewerage

noun

waste and used water that is carried away from buildings through passages and pipes

sluice

noun

a passage that water flows along, with a gate called a sluice gate that can be opened or closed to control the flow

spigot

noun

a tap on an outdoor water pipe

standpipe

noun

an upright water pipe in a street that a tap can be fitted to so that people can get water from it when there is a problem with the supply to their houses

stop

verb

to block something such as a pipe or hole so that water or another substance cannot go through it

stopcock

noun

something on a pipe that you turn to stop or to start the flow of liquid

sump

noun

a low open area in the ground that waste liquid flows into

tap

noun

an object used for controlling how much water, gas, or liquid comes out from a pipe or container. The American word for a tap that controls water is faucet

tube

noun

a long narrow object similar to a pipe that liquid or gas can move through

waste pipe

noun

a pipe used for carrying used water and waste from a building

water

noun

the supply of water to homes and buildings

water main

noun

a large underground pipe that supplies water to a particular area

water pipe

noun

a pipe that takes water from one place to another

waterworks

noun

a system for storing and cleaning water and supplying it to a community

on tap

if a liquid or gas is on tap, it can be taken from a pipe or container using a tap

dark pool

a method of financial trading in which share prices are hidden and not openly available to the public

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