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Parts of trials

appearance

noun

an occasion when you go to a court of law, committee, or similar institution so that people can ask you questions and make decisions about you

case

noun

the evidence and arguments that one side can use against the other in a law court

closing argument

noun

a statement that each lawyer makes at the end of a trial in which they tell a jury or the judge why they believe their client should win

defence

noun

all the things that are said and shown in a court case to prove that someone is not guilty. The things that are said and shown to prove that someone is guilty are called the prosecution

deposition

noun

a formal written statement by a witness that is read out in a court because the witness cannot be present at the court

evidence

noun

things that witnesses say in a court of law when they answer questions

examination

noun

an occasion when a lawyer asks someone questions in court

exhibit

noun

an object or document used as evidence in a court of law

habeas corpus

noun

a judge’s order to bring a prisoner into court so that the court can decide whether the prisoner should stay in prison or not

oath

noun

a formal promise, especially one made in a court of law

plea

noun

a statement that someone makes in a court of law to say whether they are guilty of a crime or not

pleading

noun

an official statement of someone’s case in a court of law

prosecution

noun

the process or act of accusing someone of a crime and asking a court of law to judge them

session

noun

a formal meeting of an institution such as a parliament or a court of law

sitting

noun

a period of time when a parliament or court meets

special pleading

noun

the introduction of new evidence in a trial

summation

noun

a summary of arguments given by the lawyers of each side in a trial at the end of the court case

summing-up

noun

a statement made by a lawyer or judge that gives a summary of the evidence in a case

testimony

noun

a formal statement about something that you saw, know, or experienced, usually given in a court of law

arraignment

noun

cross-examination

noun

be on/under oath

to have formally promised to tell the truth in a court of law

take the oath

to formally promise to tell the truth in a court of law

Open Dictionary

chicken raffle

any random process, such as a competition in which a name is drawn from a hat

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