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Parts of plants

aerial root

noun

a root that grows down from a plant part that is above the ground

anther

noun

the top part of a stamen of a flower that contains pollen (=a powder that is carried away by insects or the wind)

beanstalk

noun

the stem of a bean plant

blade

noun

a long thin leaf of grass, wheat etc

boll

noun

the part of a cotton plant that contains the fibre and the seeds

bract

noun

a type of leaf that grows from a stem where the flower develops

bud

noun

a tightly curled up part of a plant that will open to form a leaf or flower

bud

noun

a part of a living thing that grows from it before separating and becoming a new organism

bulb

noun

the part of a plant that is shaped like an onion from which a flower grows. You plant bulbs in the ground

bur

another spelling of burr 1

burr

noun

the part of some plants that is covered all over with prickles (=small sharp parts) and contains the seed

calyx

noun

the green part covering a flower before it opens

cane

noun

the hard light stem of some plants, especially bamboo

capsule

noun

a small container in which seeds or eggs develop in some plants and animals

chaff

noun

the outer part of wheat and other grains that is removed before the grains are used

chamber

noun

an enclosed space, especially one inside a machine, a plant, or someone’s body

cloverleaf

noun

the leaf of a clover plant

corncob

noun

the long hard part at the top of a maize plant, on which large yellow seeds grow

cutting

noun

a piece cut from a plant and used for growing into a new plant

duct

noun

a narrow tube that carries liquid inside your body or in an animal or plant

ear

noun

the part at the top of a plant such as wheat that contains the grain

endosperm

noun

the substance that surrounds the embryo inside a seed and provides food for it

filament

noun

the long thin stem of a stamen of a flower that holds the weight of the anther

floret

noun

a small flower that grows with a lot of other small flowers on one stem of a plant

flower

noun

the coloured part of a plant from which the plant’s fruit develops. A flower is often made up of many petals

four-leaved clover

noun

a leaf from a clover plant that has four parts instead of the usual three, that is believed to bring good luck

frond

noun

a large long leaf divided into many narrow sections

frond

noun

a long narrow piece of seaweed

fruit

noun

the part of a tree or plant that contains its seeds

gall

noun

a lump on a tree or plant caused by insects or an infection

graft

noun

a piece taken from a plant and joined to a cut made in another plant so that it can grow there

growth

noun

something that grows or has recently grown, for example on a plant

hull

noun

the outer part that covers a seed or a grain of wheat or rice

husk

noun

the dry outer cover of some types of grain

integument

noun

a strong outer layer on a plant or animal that covers and protects it

leaf

noun

a flat thin green part of a tree or plant that grows on a branch or stem

lily pad

noun

the large round leaf of a water lily that floats on water

lobe

noun

a round part of something, especially a part of a leaf or a large section of your brain

needle

noun

a very thin sharp leaf that grows on some trees

node

noun

the swollen part of the stem of a plant where a leaf grows

offshoot

noun

a new branch or stem that grows on a plant

petal

noun

one of the coloured parts around the centre of a flower

pine needle

noun

the thin sharp leaf of a pine

pistil

noun

the female part of a flower

pod

noun

the long narrow part of a bean plant or similar plant that holds the seeds

pore

noun

a very small hole in the surface of a plant

prickle

noun

a sharp pointed part on a plant or animal

rhizome

noun

a thick plant stem that grows along the ground and produces roots and new plant growth

root

noun

the part of a plant that grows under the ground, through which the plant gets water and food

runner

noun

a stem that grows along the ground and has a new plant growing on it

sac

noun

a part of an animal or plant that is shaped like a small bag and is usually filled with liquid or air

scion

noun

a part that is cut from a plant and fixed to another plant in order to grow there

seed

noun

a small hard part produced by a plant that can grow into a new plant of the same type

shoot

noun

a very young plant, or a new part growing on a plant

spine

noun

a sharp point on a plant or animal

spore

noun

a structure consisting of one cell that is produced by something such as a fungus and can develop into a new living thing of the same type

sprig

noun

a stem, or a very small branch cut from a plant

sprout

noun

a new shoot on a plant

stamen

noun

a part of a flower that produces pollen (=a powder that is carried away by insects or the wind)

stem

noun

the long thin central part of a plant from which the leaves and flowers grow

stigma

noun

the part of a flower that receives pollen

taproot

noun

the main straight root of a plant that has smaller roots growing out from its sides

tendril

noun

a long thin part of some plants that joins onto things and helps to support the plant

thorn

noun

a sharp point that sticks out from the stem of a plant

tuber

noun

the round part of a plant such as a potato that grows underground and produces new plants

vein

noun

one of the tubes that carry liquids through plants or insects

villus

noun

a part like a hair that grows on a plant

vine

noun

the long thin stem of a plant that grows in this way

sandwich generation

a generation … who are balancing working life with caring for both their teenage children and elderly parents

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dish

to gossip or share personal information with someone …

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