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Musical instruments

accordion

noun

a musical instrument played by moving the ends of a box in and out while pressing keys and buttons. Someone who plays the accordion is called an accordionist.

air guitar

noun

an imaginary guitar that you pretend to play when listening to rock music

baby grand

noun

a small grand piano

bagpipes

noun

a Scottish musical instrument consisting of a bag with several pipes sticking out of it. You play it by blowing air through one of the pipes. Someone who plays the bagpipes is called a piper.

balalaika

noun

a Russian musical instrument with three strings and a body shaped like a triangle

banjo

noun

a musical instrument like a guitar but with a smaller round body

barrel organ

noun

a large instrument that plays music when the handle is turned, used in the past to entertain people in the street

bass

noun

a bass guitar

bass

noun

a double bass

bass guitar

noun

an electric guitar, usually with four strings, that produces very low notes

bassoon

noun

a musical instrument consisting of a long wooden tube that you hold upright and play by blowing into a thin metal pipe that holds a double reed. It can produce very low sounds. A bassoon is a woodwind instrument. Someone who plays the bassoon is called a bassoonist.

bongos

noun

a pair of small drums that you play with your hands

bugle

noun

a musical instrument, consisting of a curved metal tube that is wide at one end and that you play by blowing into the other. Bugles are sometimes used by the army to show that an activity is about to begin or end.

castanets

noun

a Spanish musical instrument consisting of a pair of small round pieces of wood or plastic held in one hand and brought together quickly to make a clicking sound, used especially by dancers

cello

noun

a large musical instrument with strings, held between the legs by someone who is sitting and played by pulling an object called a bow across the strings

clarinet

noun

a musical instrument consisting of a long black tube that you play by blowing into it as you press its keys. A clarinet is a woodwind instrument. Someone who plays the clarinet is called a clarinettist.

clavichord

noun

a musical instrument similar to a piano that was used especially in the 18th century

concertina

noun

a musical instrument similar to an accordion that you play by pressing buttons on each side and pushing the two sides together

cor anglais

noun

a musical instrument that looks like a large oboe

cornet

noun

a musical instrument like a small trumpet

cymbal

noun

a simple musical instrument consisting of a thin circular piece of metal that you play by hitting it with a stick or by hitting two of them against each other. A cymbal is a percussion instrument.

didgeridoo

noun

a traditional Australian musical instrument consisting of a long wooden tube that you blow into

double bass

noun

a large musical instrument shaped like a violin that you rest on the floor and play standing up by pulling a bow across its strings. A double bass is a type of stringed instrument.

drum

noun

a musical instrument consisting of a tight skin stretched over a round frame that you hit with your hands or a stick. Someone who plays a drum is a drummer.

drum kit

noun

a set of drums and cymbals (=round metal plates that you hit with a stick)

drum machine

noun

an electronic musical instrument that makes the sound of drums

dulcimer

noun

a musical instrument with a lot of strings that you play by hitting the strings gently with two hammers

dulcimer

noun

a musical instrument with strings that you hold across your knees, often used for playing American folk music

euphonium

noun

a large musical instrument consisting of a curved metal tube that is wide at one end. You play it by blowing into it as you press its buttons. A euphonium is a brass instrument.

fiddle

noun

a violin

fife

noun

a small flute, especially played by someone in a military band

flute

noun

a musical instrument that you hold sideways to your mouth and play by blowing over a hole at one end as you press its keys. A flute is a woodwind instrument. Someone who plays the flute is called a flautist in British English and a flutist in American English.

French horn

noun

a musical instrument consisting of a long curved metal tube that is very wide at one end, played by blowing through it. A French horn is a brass instrument.

glockenspiel

noun

a musical instrument that consists of metal bars on a wooden frame. You play the glockenspiel by hitting the bars with a small hammer.

grand

noun

a grand piano

grand piano

noun

a type of large piano with its strings in a case parallel to the floor, usually used for concerts

guitar

noun

a musical instrument with six strings, used in a wide variety of musical styles. It can be acoustic or electric. Someone who plays the guitar is called a guitarist

harmonica

noun

a small musical instrument that you play by blowing and sucking as you move it from side to side between your lips

harmonium

noun

a musical instrument similar to an organ in which the sound is made by pumping air with your hands or feet

harp

noun

a musical instrument consisting of a row of strings stretched over a large upright frame. Someone who plays a harp is called a harpist.

harpsichord

noun

a musical instrument similar to a small piano

horn

noun

a musical instrument consisting of a tube that is wide at one end and that you play by blowing into the narrow end

horn

noun

a simple instrument made from the horn of an animal that you blow to make a sound

hurdy-gurdy

noun

a musical instrument that plays a tune when you turn a handle

kettledrum

noun

a large drum with a round metal base

keyboards

noun

a musical instrument that has a keyboard, especially an electric piano

kora

noun

a West African musical instrument like a guitar

lute

noun

a musical instrument like a guitar that people played in the past

lyre

noun

an ancient Greek musical instrument with strings and shaped like the letter U

mandolin

noun

a musical instrument that looks like a guitar with a curved back

maracas

noun

a pair of musical instruments each shaped like a ball with a handle and filled with beads or beans. You play them by shaking them.

marimba

noun

a musical instrument consisting of wooden bars of different sizes fixed to a frame. You play it by hitting the bars with sticks.

mouth organ

noun

a harmonica

oboe

noun

a musical instrument that you play by blowing air through a reed. An oboe is a woodwind instrument. Someone who plays the oboe is called an oboist.

organ

noun

a large musical instrument with pipes of different length, played by pressing keys (=narrow bars) on it. Someone who plays an organ is an organist.

organ

noun

a musical instrument that produces a sound like an organ

pan pipes

noun

a musical instrument consisting of several wooden pipes joined together in a row that you play by blowing across the top

penny whistle

noun

a small cheap musical instrument shaped like a tube and played by blowing into one end while covering different holes in the tube

piano

noun

a large musical instrument with a row of black and white keys that produce notes when you press them. Someone who plays the piano is usually called a pianist, but someone who plays popular music or jazz can also be called a piano player

piano accordion

noun

an accordion that has a row of keys, not buttons, that you press to produce the sound

pianoforte

noun

a piano

Pianola

a type of player piano (=a piano that plays music by itself)

piccolo

noun

a musical instrument similar to a small flute

pipe

noun

a simple musical instrument consisting of one or more tubes that you blow through

pipes

noun

bagpipes

recorder

noun

a musical instrument that you play by blowing into a hole at the top while putting your fingers over other holes

sax

noun

a saxophone

saxophone

noun

a musical instrument consisting of a long curved metal tube that you play by blowing into it as you press its keys with your fingers. Saxophones are used mainly for playing jazz music.

sitar

noun

an Indian musical instrument like a guitar with a long neck and a round body

snare drum

noun

a drum with thin metal strings fixed to the base that make a continuous sound when you hit it

squeezebox

noun

an accordion

steel drum

noun

a West Indian drum made of a large empty metal container

steel guitar

noun

a guitar with ten strings that you play while pressing the strings with a metal bar

Steinway

a type of piano that is considered to be one of the best in the world

synthesiser

a British spelling of synthesizer

synthesizer

noun

an electronic machine that produces and combines different sounds, especially for music

tabla

noun

an Indian musical instrument consisting of two drums joined together

tamboura

noun

an Asian musical instrument with strings, played like a guitar

tambourine

noun

a musical instrument that you shake or hit with your hand, consisting of a round frame with a skin stretched over it and small pieces of metal around the edge

timpani

noun

a set of kettledrums (=large drums used in an orchestra)

tin whistle

noun

a musical instrument like a small tube with holes that you play by blowing through it, used especially in traditional Irish music

tom-tom

noun

a type of drum that you play with your hands

triangle

noun

a simple musical instrument consisting of a metal triangle that you hit with a metal bar. The triangle is a percussion instrument.

trombone

noun

a musical instrument consisting of two metal tubes shaped like the letter U that fit into each other, with one tube wide at one end. You play it by blowing into it as you slide one of the tubes forwards and backwards. A trombone is a brass instrument. Someone who plays the trombone is called a trombonist.

trumpet

noun

a musical instrument that is a curved metal tube with a wide end. You play it by blowing into it as you press buttons on the top. Someone who plays the trumpet is called a trumpeter or a trumpet player.

tuba

noun

a large musical instrument that is a curved metal tube with a wide open end. You play it by blowing into it as you press buttons on the top. A tuba is a brass instrument.

tuning fork

noun

a metal object that produces a particular note when you hit it, used by someone making small changes to a musical instrument so that it produces the correct note. It has a handle and two long thin parts.

ukelele

noun

a musical instrument with four strings, similar to a small guitar

upright

noun

an upright piano

upright piano

noun

a tall narrow piano with the strings inside stretched from bottom to top. A long wide piano with strings that go from one side to the other is called a grand piano.

vibraphone

noun

an electronic musical instrument with metal bars that you hit

viol

noun

a musical instrument similar to a violin, used in the 16th and 17th centuries

viola

noun

a musical instrument that is like a large violin but produces a deeper sound

violin

noun

a musical instrument that you hold under your chin and play by pulling a long object called a bow across its strings. Someone who plays a violin is called a violinist

virginals

noun

a musical instrument similar to a small piano that was used in the 16th and 17th centuries

whistle

noun

a musical instrument consisting of a small metal tube that you blow

xylophone

noun

a musical instrument with a row of narrow wooden pieces that produce notes when you hit them with a wooden hammer

zither

noun

a small musical instrument consisting of a box with strings across the top. It is played using your fingers.

pre-roll

a video advertisement that appears immediately before an online video

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

breakfast rave

a rave … that takes place early in the morning and where there is no alcohol or drugs …

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